List of Thermal Power Plants in India [Updated]


Thermal power is one of the most widely used power options in the world.  It contributes the largest percentage of electricity into the National power generation. India alone uses more than 70% of its total electrical power from thermal stations. There are three kinds of thermal power plant operations in India that contribute a total capacity of 221,802.59 MW. Thermal stations use a variety of fuels like coal, gas, and diesel (Petroleum) out of which more than 62% of the thermal power generation in India is with Coal. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) owns the five biggest thermal stations in India.


Thermal Power Plant Working Principle

The working of the thermal power plant is on the basic principle of converting chemical energy into heat energy which converts it to kinetic energy and finally electric energy. The Fuel is used to heat the boilers filled with water which converts the water into steam. This steam is pressurized into turbine blades which help generate electricity.

Some Important Thermal Power Plants of India:

Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station-Madhya Pradesh

The Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station is the biggest thermal power plant in India.  It is located in the Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh. It is a coal-based power plant owned and operated by NTPC with an installed capacity of 4,760MW.  The plant uses coal from the NCL-operated Nigahi mine and water from the discharge canal of Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station. The turbine manufacturers for the Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station include Russian companies LMZ, Electrosila and the Indian BHEL.

The Construction of the plant was started in 1982. It is comprised 12 generating units in which six are of 210MW units and the rest six are of 500MW units. Its first unit was authorized in 1987 whereas the second unit of 500MW was commissioned in April 2013.

Mundra Thermal Power Station-Gujarat

The 4,620MW Mundra Thermal Power Station located is the second biggest operating thermal power plant in India. It is situated in the Kutch district of Gujarat. This station is a coal-fired power plant.  Adani Power is the owner and operator of the station. It comprises of nine generating units (four 330MW units and five 660MW units).

The first 330MW unit was commissioned in May 2009 and the last 660MW unit of the plant commissioned in March 2012. Indonesia is the exporter of this coal used for the power plant. The plant’s water source is the seawater from the Gulf of Kutch. The boilers and generators for the first four units were supplied by Babcock & Wilcox and Beijing Beizhong respectively.

Tiroda Thermal Power Plant, Maharashtra

Tiroda thermal power plant is located in Tiroda district, Maharashtra. It is a 3,300MW coal-based power generation plant in Maharashtra. Adani Power Maharashtra Ltd is the owner and operator of this power plant. State-of-the-art supercritical technology is used in this power plant and it draws water from the Wainganga River for its operations. This power plant consists of five 660MW units. The first unit of the power plant was authorized in August 2012, while the last unit commenced operations in October 2014. The total area of this power plant is 454.86ha and is equipped with advanced pollution control equipment, including a 275m-high chimney, a dust extraction and suppression system, and low NOx burners.

Talcher Super Thermal Power Station, Odisha

The Talcher Super Thermal Power Station in situated in the Angul district of Odisha.It is a 3,000MW coal-fired power plant owned and operated by NTPC. It consists of six 500MW units. The first unit of the plant was commissioned in February 1995 and the last unit began operations in February 2005. ABB and BHEL are the Turbine manufacturers for the plant. Lingraj Block of Talcher Coal Field is the supplier of coal for this plant. The water for this plant is sourced from the Samal Barrage Reservoir on the Brahmani River in Odisha.

Rihand Thermal Power Station, Uttar Pradesh

Rihand Thermal Power Station is situated at Rihandnagar, Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh. This coal-fired power plant has an installed capacity of 3,000MW. The owner and operator of this power plant is NTPC. The plant consists of six units generating 500MW each. The first unit was commissioned in March 1988 while the sixth unit was commissioned in October 2013. Amlori, Amloric expansion, and the Dudhichua mines in Madhya Pradesh is the supplier of the Coal for the Rihand thermal power station. Rihand Reservoir built on Son River is the source of water for this power plant. It supplies electricity to states like Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, and Chandigarh.

Major Thermal Power Plant and their Location in India

Location Thermal Power Plant
Rajasthan Anta Thermal Power Station
Rajwest Lignite Power Plant
Suratgarh Super Thermal Power Station
VS Lignite Power Plant
Barsingsar Lignite Power Plant
Chhabra Thermal Power Plant
Giral Lignite Thermal Power Station
West Bengal Kolaghat Thermal Power Station
Bakreswar Thermal Power Station
Bandel Thermal Power Station
Mejia Thermal Power Station
Durgapur Thermal Power Plant
Durgapur Thermal Power Station
Farakka Super Thermal Power Station
Sagardighi Thermal Power Station
Santaldih Thermal Power Station
Odisha Talcher Super Thermal Power Station
Vedanta Aluminum Company Captive Power Plant
IB Thermal Power Plant
Jharsuguda Thermal Power Plant
Hirakud Captive Power Plant
Tamil Nadu Mettur Thermal Power Station
Neyveli Thermal Power Station
Ennore Thermal Power Station
North Chennai Thermal Power Station
Tuticorin Thermal Power Station
Uttar Pradesh Anpara Thermal Power Station
Obra Thermal Power Station
Auraiya Thermal Power Station
Feroz Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power Plant Harduaganj Thermal Power Station
National Capital Thermal Power Plant
Panki Thermal Power Station
Pariccha Thermal Power Station
Rihand Thermal Power Station
Rosa Thermal Power Station
Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station
Tanda Thermal Power Plant
Punjab Guru Hargobind Thermal Power Plant
Guru Gobind Super Thermal Power Station
Maharashtra Amravati Thermal Power Plant
Koradi Thermal Power Station
Nashik Thermal Power Station
Paras Thermal Power Station
Parli Thermal Power Station
Bhusawal Thermal Power Station
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Plant
Khaperkheda Thermal Power Station
Tirora Thermal Power Plant
Trombay Thermal Power Station
Madhya Pradesh Dada Dhuniwale Thermal Power Station
Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power Station
Sant Singaji Thermal Power Plant
Amarkantak Thermal Power Station
Satpura Thermal Power Station
Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station
Karnataka Bellary Thermal Power Station
Raichur Super Thermal Power Station
Udupi Thermal Power Plant
Jharkhand Bokaro Thermal Power Station
Chandrapura Thermal Power Station
Patratu Thermal Power Station
Haryana Gorakhpur Atomic Super Thermal Power Station
Deenbandhu Chottu Ram Super Thermal Power Station
Gujarat Kawas Thermal Power Station
Kutch Lignite Thermal Power Station
Mundra Thermal Power Plant
Sabarmati Thermal Power Station
Sikka Thermal Power Station
Gandhinagar Thermal Power Station
Jhanor-Gandhar Thermal Power Station
Surat Lignite Thermal Power Station
Ukai Thermal Power Station
Wanakbori Thermal Power Station
Delhi Badarpur Thermal Power Plant
Indraprastha Power Station
Rajghat Power Station
Chattisgarh Bhilai Expansion Power Plant
Korba Super Thermal Power Plant
Sipat Thermal Power Plant
Dr Shyama Prakash Mukharjee Thermal Power Plant Hasdeo Thermal Power Station
Jindal Megha Thermal Power Plant
Bihar Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station
Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Plant
Barh Super Thermal Power Station
Barauni Thermal Power Station
Nabinagar Super Thermal Power Station
Andhra Pradesh Sri Damodaram Sanjeeviah Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant
Dr. Narla Taatarao Thermal Power Station

List of Major Thermal Power Plant Operators in India:

Following is the list of the thermal power operators in India. This is important from exam point of view.

S.No. Name of the Operator
1 National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
2 National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC)
3 Rural Electrification Corporation (REC)
4 North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO)
5 Power Finance Corporation (PFC)
6 Power Grid Corporation of India (POWER GRID)
7 SJVN – A Mini Ratna Company
8 THDC India Limited
9 Power System Operation Corporation Limited (POSOCO)

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