An abbreviation is a short form of a word or phrase. Many words are used in the short forms and therefore, it is important to know the full forms of such words. Abbreviations are used in all fields, be it- science, education, computer, examinations, banking, technology, etc. Moreover, in the present time, the abbreviations are so well developed in usage that the full forms and usage are not known by many people. Furthermore, abbreviations help in saving more time and energy, but they are only useful if you understand what they mean.
Also, abbreviations and their full forms are quite important from an exam point of view. So, in today’s blog, we will cover the important full forms for competitive exams like Banking, SSC, Railway and more. The important full forms discussed in this blog are related to national and international organisations, government exams/posts, computer, economic terms etc. Thus, if you are preparing for competitive exams, we would urge you to go through the information provided below carefully.
List of Important Full Forms
For your convenience, we have compiled a list of general full forms which may be asked in competitive exams like Bank, SSC, Railway and many more.
RBI stands for Reserve Bank of India and is India’s central banking institution which controls the issuance and supply of the Indian Rupee. It was established on 1st of April, 1935. Initially, it was privately owned, but following the nationalisation in 1949, it was then fully owned by the Government of India.
Also See: All Details related to RBI
Indian Banks’ Association or IBA is a representative body which manages the banking operations in India. In other words, IBA is the term given to the – “Association of Indian banks and financial institutions”. It was established on 26th September 1946.
Also Read: What is IBA?
The State Bank of India or SBI is a public sector bank with its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It was established on July 01, 1955. Furthermore, it is the largest commercial bank in India in terms of business size, assets, profits, deposits, number of branches and employees.
Take a look at Full Form of SBI with All Details
IBPS also known as Institute of Banking Personnel and Selection, is a recruitment body / organisation which was established with an objective of recruiting the best eligible graduates in all the public sector banks (PSBs) in India, except SBI. SBI conducts a different examination altogether which is meant only for filling up the vacancies in SBI
Also Read: What is IBPS?
NABARD stands for National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development. It was formed on July 12, 1982 with its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra. NABARD was established to promote the development of rural areas, to boost financial operations, and promote sustainable agriculture. It works on three main areas- Finance, Development and Supervision.
Also See: What is NABARD? Its Full Form with All Details
SEBI refers to the Securities and Exchange Board of India. It was established in 1988 as a non-statutory body. However, it became an autonomous body on May 12, 1992. Its headquarters are in Mumbai and has regional offices in New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad.
Also See: What is SEBI?
Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority or PFRDA is a regulatory body established under the PFRDA Act to promote old age income security and protect the interests of National Pension System (NPS) subscribers. It was established on 23rd August 2003. The PFRDA works under the Ministry of Finance, Department of Financial Services.
Also Read: PFRDA: Functions & Schemes
IRDA or Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority is an autonomous body established in 1999 under the IRDA Act. It has its headquarters in Hyderabad, Telangana and also has two regional offices in Mumbai and New Delhi. Its aim is to ensure the financial stability of the insurance market and promote competition to enhance customer satisfaction by providing varieties in fair premium and consumer choices.
Also Read: IRDA and its Functions
FSSAI or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is an independent body established under the ‘Ministry of Health & Family Welfare’ (Government of India). It was formed on September 05, 2008 under the Food Safety & Standards Act, 2006. Its headquarters are located in New Delhi and it has 6 regional offices in Delhi, Guwahati, Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochin and Chennai.
Read about FSSAI: Functions & Responsibilities here
SIDBI stands for Small Industries Development Bank of India. It is a financial institution under the Ministry of Finance. Its main objective is to strengthen and develop the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). It was formed on April 02, 1990, with its headquarters in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
The SSC or Staff Selection Commission organises various national-level exams to fill up vacancies in various Ministries, Departments and Organisations of the Government of India. Therefore, the SSC conducts different level exams every year like the SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, SSC MTS, etc.
Also See: Top 10 SSC Exams & How to Crack Them
GIC Re also known as General Insurance Corporation of India Limited, an Indian government-owned reinsurance company. Its registered office as well as the headquarters are located in Mumbai. Until late 2016, it was the only reinsurance company operating in the Indian insurance market. Post 2016, the market was opened to foreign reinsurance companies from Germany, Switzerland, and France.
Also See: GIC Full Form and History
MSME stands for Micro Small Medium Enterprises and it forms the backbone of a developing economies like India. The government introduces various schemes and incentives to promote and support the MSME sector.
ARC or Asset Reconstruction Company is a financial institution registered under the RBI which is regulated by the SARFAESI (Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Securities Interest) Act (2002). It buys off the Non- Performing Assets (NPAs) called the bad assets or bad loans from banks and other financial institutions at a mutually agreed value with the objective of recovering or ‘reconstructing’ the bad loans and in turn helping the banks and financial institutions in cleaning up their balance sheets.
Also Read: All Details related to ARC
Union Trust of India or UTI is a statutory public sector investment institution established in February 1964 under the UTI Act, 1963. It became functional in July 1964. Its headquarter is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It enables small investors to diversify their risk by investing in a variety of areas.
Also Read: UTI: History & Objectives
United Nations Organisation or UNO is an international organisation that was established in 1945. Presently, it has 193 member states. It is guided by the principles laid down in the UN Charter. It has six main organs- General Assembly, Security Council, Economic & Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice and the UN Secretariat.
UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation and is a specialised agency of the UN. Its objective is to promote world peace through international cooperation in art, culture, education and sciences.
UNICEF refers to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. It is now called the United Nations Children’s Fund. It is a social welfare organisation and is present in 192 countries and territories. Its aim is to provide humanitarian and developmental aid to children across the globe.
ICC refers to the International Chamber of Commerce. It is also known as the largest business organisation in the world. It was established in 1919 in Atlanta city. Its main activities include- to set the rules, resolve the dispute and to advocate the policy.
Learn more about ICC and its History here
IDA or International Development Association is a financial institution and is a member of the World Bank. It has its headquarters in Washington DC, USA. It was established on September 24, 1960. The IDA will complement the already existing International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).
Also See: IDA and its Role
ADB or Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank. It was formed on December 1, 1966. Its objective is to eliminate poverty in the Asia-Pacific region. Its headquarters are located in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
Also Read: All details related to ADB
World Trade Organisation (WTO) is an international organisation, which deals with world trade and its functioning between the member nations. It has 164 member states and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WTO replaced the old General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which came into place in the year 1948.
Learn about WTO: Role & Objectives here
ASEAN also known as Association for Southeast Asian Nations, is an organisation which is concerned with countries in Southeast Asia. It was formed on August 08, 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand. It consists of 10 countries in the Southeast Asian region along with two observer countries (Papua New Guinea and Timor Leste). Its main aim is to encourage intergovernmental cooperation along with promoting political,economic,educational and socio cultural integration among all its member countries along with other Asian countries.
Read about ASEAN and its Objectives
SAARC or South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is an economic and political organisation comprising of eight countries- Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka. It was formed in 1985. It is headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal. Its aim is to promote the welfare of the South Asian people and to improver their standard of living.
Learn more about the Important International Organizations and their Headquarters
Foreign Direct Investment or FDI refers to an investment made by a company or an individual from one country into the shares and securities of another company that operates in a different country.
Read more about FDI and the Role of FDI
NPA refers to Non-Performing Assets. It means those assets which have ‘ceased to generate income’. A loan becomes a ‘Non-Performing Asset’ when the respective loan payment has not been done for more than 90 days. This period of 90 Days is the standard period of time. NPAs are also called bad loans.
Learn about NPAs and Types of NPAs
The full form of UPI is Unified Payments Interface. It is an instant real-time payment system developed by National Payments Corporation of India facilitating inter-bank transactions. It was introduced on April 11, 2016. UPI is regulated by the RBI.
Also See: How Does UPI Work?
In the Indian Banking System, IMPS means Immediate Payment Service. It is an instant payment ‘inter-bank electronic funds transfer system’. IMPS is also managed by National Payments Corporation of India. It offers offers an inter-bank electronic fund transfer service through mobile phones, which is available 24*7 all year round, including the bank holidays.
Read more about IMPS and its Features here
IFSC stands for Indian Financial System Code. it refers to an 11-digit alphanumeric code that is used in the Indian banking system, which ensures smooth electronic funds transfer in India. The IFSC is a distinctive code that combines the ‘bank code’ and the ‘branch code’.
Also See: How does an IFCS Work?
KYC is the acronym for Know Your Customer or Know Your Client. It refers to the process of ‘knowing’ or identifying your customer in a complete manner, which enables the bank or any such organization to keep complete information regarding the customer.
Learn more about KYC: Its Origin & Purpose
ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine. It is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff. It is a small kiosk that dispenses money.
Read more about ATM and its Functions & Types
The full form of OTP is One Time Password or One Time Pin. OTP is an automatically generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates the user for a single transaction or login session. It is the prime way of authenticating bank as it provides a secure access to perform the transaction. It is a password that is valid only for one long session or transaction on a computer or any other digital device. The password can be used only once, after which it becomes invalid.
Also See: How does and OTP Work?
GDP or Gross Domestic Product measures the monetary value of final goods and services produced in a country in a given period of time. It is a broad measure of the overall domestic production and acts as a comprehensive scorecard of a country’s economic health.
Also Read: How does OTP Work?
GST or Goods and Services Tax is an ‘indirect tax’ or ‘consumption tax’. It is levied on the supply of goods and services. It is levied at every step in the production process, but is meant to be refunded to all parties in the various stages of production other than the final consumer. GST was introduced with the objective of replacing the multiple indirect taxes levied by State and Central Governments to simplify the indirect tax system in India.
Also Read: What is GST?
MSP stands for Minimum Support Price. It is the minimum price that Government of India will pay to the farmer for procuring food crops. It is a market intervention by the government to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices below the stated price.
Also See: What is MSP?
List of Important Computer Full Forms
Given below is a list of some important Computer full forms which are frequently asked in competitive exams-
|Computer||Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research|
|CPU||Central Processing Unit|
|RAM||Random Access Memory|
|ROM||Read Only Memory|
|ALU||Arithmetic Logic Unit|
|URL||Uniform Resource Locator|
|USB||Universal Serial Bus|
|UPS||Uninterruptible Power Supply|
|VIRUS||Vital Information Resource Under Siege|
|DVD||Digital Versatile Disc|
|PNG||Portable Network Graphics|
|GIS||Geographical Information system|
|HTTP||Hyper Text Transfer Protocol|
|HTTPS||Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure|
|HTML||Hypertext Markup Language|
|GIGO||Garbage In Garbage Out|
|LAN||Local Area Network|
|WAN||Wide Area Network|
|VPN||Virtual Private Network|
|JPEG||Joint Photographic Experts Group|
|MTP||Media Transfer Protocol|
|PTP||Picture Transfer Protocol|
|Portable Document Format|
|ZIP||Zig-zag In-line Package|
|DBMS||Database Management System|
|WWW||Wordl Wide Web|
|GIF||Graphics Interchange Format|
Important Miscellaneous Full Forms
A list of some important miscellaneous full forms is given below. Please note that this list is not exhaustive.
|UPSC||Union Public Service Commission|
|IAS||Indian Administrative Services|
|IPS||Indian Police Service|
|IRS||Indian Revenue Service|
|IFS||Indian Forest Services|
|PCS||Provincial Civil Service|
|CAT||Common Admission Test|
|CGL||Combined Graduate Level Exam|
|CHSL||Combined Higher Secondary Level Exam|
|IDBI||Industrial Development Bank of India|
|VAT||Value Added Tax|
|FII||Foreign Institutional Investors|
|CTT||Commodities Transaction Tax|
|NEFT||National Electronic Funds Transfer|
|RTGS||Real Time Gross Settlement|
|NAV||Net Asset Value|
|EXIM||Export-Import(Bank of India)|
|IBS||International Banking Statistics|
|FEMA||Foreign Exchange Management Act|
|NBFC||Non-Banking Finance Companies|
|KCC||Kisan Credit Card|
|WEF||World Economic Forum|
|IES||Indian Economic Service|
|GDR||Global Depository Receipt|
|ADR||American Depositary Receipt|
|IDR||Indian Depositary Receipt|
|BOP||Balance of Payments|
|CPI||Consumer Price Index|
|MFN||Most Favoured Nation|
|IPO||Initial Public Offering|
|PPP||Public private partnership|
|ESIC||Employees State Insurance Corportaion|
|MBBS||Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery|
|ILO||International Labour Organisation|
|PHD||Doctor of Philosophy|
|NEET||National Eligibility cum Entrance Test|
|NASA||National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
|NCB||Narcotics Control Bureau|
|CID||Crime Investigation Department|
|ITI||Industrial Training International|
|GPS||Global Positioning System|
|TRP||Target Rating Point|
|ASI||Archaeological Survey of India|
|ATS||Anti Terrorism Squad|
|NCERT||National Council of Educational Research and Training|
|NDRF||National Disaster Response Force|
|IUCN||International Union for Conservation of Nature|
|CIBIL||Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited|
|PO||Probationary Officer- Bank|
|LASER||Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation|
|IRCTC||Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation|
|SME||Small and Medium-sized Enterprises|
Subject Matter Expert
|HIV||Human Immunodeficiency Virus|
|AIDS||Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome|
|SIT||Special Investigation Teams|
|UIDAI||Unique Identification Authority of India|
|SMS||Short Message Service|
|MMS||Multimedia Messaging Service|
|DIG||Deputy Inspector General of Police|
|DGP||Director General of Police|
|SP||Superintendent of Police|
|DSP||Deputy Superintendent of Police|
|SHO||Station House Officer|
|CS||Civil ServicesCompany Secretary|
|USP||Unique Selling Proposition|
|LOC||Line of Control|
|BPO||Business Process Outsourcing|
|ETA||Electronic Travel Authorisation|
Estimated Time of Arrival
Association of Tennis Professionals
|HCL||Hindustan Computers Limited|
|RTI||Right to Information|
|PFMS||Public Financial Management System|
|GMT||Greenwich Mean Time|
|AM/PM||Ante-meridiem & Post-meridiem|
|CSE||Civil Services Examination|
|ICICI||Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India|
|HDFC||Higher Secondary Certificate|
|STD||Sexually Transmitted Diseases|
Subscriber Trunk Dialling
|CGPA||Cumulative Grade Points Average|
|NSS||National Service Scheme|
|RAW||Research and Analysis Wing|
|DSLR||Digital Single-lens Reflex|
International Normalised Ratio
|SIM||Subscriber Identity Module|
|ISI||Indian Standards Institution|
Indian Statistical Institute
Inter-Services Intelligence (Pak)
|FMCG||Fast-moving Consumer Goods|
|UGC||University Grants Commission of India|
|MRI||Magnetic Resonance Imaging|
|ISRO||Indian Space Research Organisation|
|DRDO||Defence Research and Development Organisation|
|FIR||First Information Report|
|NRI||Non Resident Indian|
|CNG||Compressed Natural Gas|
|RTO||Regional Transport Office|
|NOC||No Objection Certificate|
|PWD||Public Works Department|
|EMI||Equated Monthly Instalment|
|ICU||Intensive Care Unit|
|SOP||Statement of Purpose|
Standard Operating Procedure
|NDA||National Defence Academy|
|MP||Member of Parliament|
|MLA||Member of the Legislative Assembly|
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