India is a land of diverse cultures and languages. It has various dance forms. Talking specifically about Indian folk dance, it is a dance that is performed to express joy and happiness. Folk dance is performed on various occasions. It is celebrated in the arrival of seasons, in the birth of a child, in weddings, festivals along with several small occasions. The dances are extremely simple with minimum steps or movement. It is performed by men and women in which they dance together.
List of folk dances in India is one of the important topics useful for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, and Railways. Questions of 1 to 2 marks from this topic can be asked in the exam. Try to make notes of this topic and keep revising in on a weekly basis. Following is the list of Folk Dances in India.
List of Folk Dances in India
|State of Origin||Dance Form|
|Andhra Pradesh||Kuchipudi, Vilasini Natyam, Andhra Natyam, Bhamakalpam, Veeranatyam, Dappu, Tappeta Gullu, Lambadi, Dhimsa, Kolattam, Butta Bommalu.|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Bardo Chham|
|Assam||Sattriya, Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal, Tabal Chongli, Canoe, Jhumura Hobjanai|
|Bihar||Bidesia, Jata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya|
|Chhattisgarh||Panthi, Gaur Maria, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Vedamati,|
|Goa||Hanpeth, Gauda Jagar, Ranmale, Fugadi, Ghode Modni, Lamp Dance, Musal Dance, Dhangar Dance, Dekhni, Dhalo, Talgadi, Goff, Tonya Mel, Mando, Kunbi Dance, Suvari, Dasarawadan, Virabhadra|
|Gujarat||Dandiya Raas, Garba Raas, Ras Dance, Bhavai|
|Haryana||Loor Dance, Gugga Dance, Saang Dance, Chhathi Dance, Khoria Dance, Dhamal Dance, Ghoomar Dance, Jhumar Dance.|
|Himachal Pradesh||Mala (Garland) Dance, Demon (Rakshasa) Dance, Keekali, Bhangara|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Dumhal Dance, Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach|
|Jharkhand||Chhau Dance, Alkap, Karma Munda, Agni, Jhumar, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Paika, Phagua|
|Kerela||Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Mohiniyattam|
|Madhya Pradesh||Karma, Jawara, Tertali, Lehangi, Ahiri Dance, Muria Dances, Gaur Dance|
|Maharashtra||Lavani, Dhangari Gaja, Koli Dance, Pavri Nach|
|Manipur||Manipuri Raas Leela|
|Meghalaya||Nongkrem, Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem|
|Mizoram||Khuallam, Cheraw, Chailam, Zangtalam, Bamboo Dance|
|Odisha||Chhau, Odissi, Ghumura|
|Punjab||Sammi, Giddha, Jaago, Kikli, Luddi, Malwai Giddha, Jhumar, Bhangra, Karthi, Jindua, Dandass.|
|Rajasthan||Ghoomar, Kalbelia, Chari, Kacchi-Ghodi|
|Sikkim||Lu Khangthamo, Rechungma, Maruni, Tamang Selo,|
|Tamil Nadu||Bharatanatyam, Bagavatha Nadanam, Chakkai Attam, Devaraattam|
|Telangana||Perini Thandavam, Dappu, Lambadi|
|Tripura||Goria, Huk Kaimani, Lebang Bumani, Hojagiri|
|Uttar Pradesh||Kathak, Charkula|
|Uttarakhand||Barada Nati, Bhotiya, Chancheri, Chhapeil|
|West Bengal||Chhau, Brita, Kirtan, Gambhira, Santhal, Tusu|
|Andaman and Nicobar Island||Nicobarese Dance|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Tarpa Dance|
|Lakshadweep||Kolkali, Parichakkali, Attam,|
- There are 8 classical dance forms recognized by the Ministry of Culture. They are: Bharatanatyam (Tamil Nadu), Kathak (Uttar Pradesh), Kathakali (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Odissi (Odisha), Sattriya (Assam), Manipuri (Manipur) and Mohiniyattam (Kerala).
- Kathakali is a dance drama that depicts scenes from the lives of Lord Rama and Krishna.
- Chauu dance from Odissa is a martial dance form.
- The foundational treatise for classical dances of India, the Natya Shastra was composed by Bharadha Muni.
- Shiva, as Nataraja, is the Indian Lord of Dance.
- Uday Shankar is known as the Father of Modern Indian Dance.
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