A bank or any government job exam for that matter is not easy to crack particularly because of a large number of aspirants desperately vying for a government job to enjoy job security. This makes the competition extremely intense. To improve your chances to get a government job, you should have a strong grip over all the subjects that are a part of the syllabus for these exams.

A component that is common to all government job exams is logical reasoning because every government job exam generally tests these four subjects – Quantitative Aptitude, Logical Reasoning, General Awareness, and Verbal Ability or English Language.

In this blog, we are going to focus on the logical reasoning section of the bank PO Exam.

**Logical Reasoning for Bank PO Exams**

Are you a bank or other government job aspirant who is slogging hard day and night to land a secured job in a government organization? Do you fear logical reasoning or are you the one who enjoys solving questions on logical reasoning, especially puzzles? It doesn’t really matter whether you are the latter or the former because even if you are not the latter, you can easily become the latter with a little sincerity, hard work, and dedication. Believe us, logical reasoning is an extremely interesting portion that a candidate can easily ace. All you require is a little hard work.

Let us leave all the worries concerning the exam aside and enjoy the process of solving the questions on logical reasoning. Let us explore the fun involved in solving logical reasoning questions.

We will take the topic “Coded Inequalities” and break down the entire topic in a manner that will make you wonder, what made you fear logical reasoning despite the fact that it is a very interesting topic.

**Understand Coded Inequalities**

Breaking Down Coded Inequalities for your better understanding

Let us understand the concept of Coded Inequalities.

**What are coded inequalities?**

We all have heard about or come across various forms of inequalities like social, economic and gender inequalities a number of times in our life but today we will not talk about these inequalities. Today we will talk about inequalities in the context of mathematical operations.

Coded Inequalities is a very common topic asked in almost every government job exam especially Bank exams, SSC, IBPS PO, IBPS clerk and more. Questions from this topic are asked frequently for various government job exams, which makes this chapter very important. So if you are thinking of skipping this chapter then we would like to caution you against doing it.

**Types of Inequality **

Now that we have a clear understanding of the questions that will be asked in the inequality reasoning section, we can start our preparation. Let’s examine the various types of questions that might be presented, in the specified sequence:

**Basic Inequality**

In this type of inequality reasoning, you will be given expressions that involve comparisons between different items, and you will be asked to establish a specific relationship between any two elements.

**Either – or Case**

In this type of inequality reasoning, it is not possible to establish a definitive relationship between the two components under discussion. In this type of inquiry, you will be presented with only two relations, and either relation 1 or relation 2 could be true based on those given relations.

**Coded Inequality**

In this type of inequality reasoning, inequality symbols will be represented by codes, and the expression will be provided using those codes. Candidates are expected to decode the symbols and determine the relationship between the different components.

**Tips to Solve Coded Inequality Questions**

To aid applicants in preparing for the coded inequality quiz included in bank exams, we have compiled the following helpful tips and tricks:

- The sign between two items should never be altered, but the meaning can be conveyed using either “H > G” or “G > H”.

- When tackling questions involving coded inequalities, it is crucial to consider the signs and representations provided in the problem. Doing so simplifies the process of providing an accurate response to the question, minimizing the chances of making any errors.

- To avoid repetition of components, it is advisable to combine the statement if a single component appears multiple times.

- Generate a table or any visual diagram that includes the sign associated with each code mentioned. Investing some time in creating this resource will result in a more efficient understanding of the problem.

**Strategies to solve Coded Inequalities **

Let us explain it to you in the simplest form.

Coded Inequalities may seem to be a little overwhelming and quite complex to you but believe us, all you need to solve the questions on coded inequalities is the knowledge of basic mathematical operations. So just be clear about the basic concepts of mathematical operations. You just need to be clear about the basic concepts like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, lesser than, and greater than values. That’s all that you need for this topic.

The best way to ensure good marks in coded inequalities is to practice enough questions on this topic. After all, we all have heard the famous saying “Practice makes a man perfect”

The only catch in coded inequalities is that the symbols like +, -, x, ÷, >, <, generally used in mathematical operations are represented by symbols different from them, which makes the topic a little complex. All you need to do is substitute the symbol that the given symbol in the question represents and then perform the mathematical operation.

If you make a mistake in understanding what the symbols given in the question actually represent, then you will end up losing marks. This is why we would suggest that you practice a lot.

**What is BODMAS?**

How many of you remember the term ‘BODMAS’? All of us have come across this term but most of us may not remember what it stands for. If you do not remember, then let us remind you what BODMAS stands for:

The BODMAS rule is something that you will require to solve the questions on coding inequalities. The BODMAS rule is all about performing the mathematical operation as per the order prescribed by the BODMAS rule. To solve a question, you will have to first perform division, then multiplication, then addition, and finally subtraction.

Following are the types of sub-topics on which you can expect questions for coded inequalities

– Word Problems

– Quadratic Equations

– Inequalities

The best way to keep up with your practice of this section from the examination perspective, ois to have a look at the **previous year questions **of any bank PO Exam. To give a quick and easy understanding of the pattern of coded inequality questions, here you can have a look at the solved examples of that section holding similarities with the questions from the real question paper of the bank PO exam.

**Coded Inequalities Solved Practice Questions**

**Here are some practice questions on Coded Inequalities.**

**Direction (Q.1-5): In each of the following questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements followed by two conclusions. Find a true conclusion.**

**1. Statements: X < Q = I ≤ Y < U ≤ S = W > J = B > R**

**Conclusions:**

I. X < W

II. S > R

1) If only conclusion I is true.

2) If only conclusion II is true.

3) If either conclusion I or II is true.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

Ans: 5

X < Q = I ≤ Y < U ≤ S = W > J = B > R W > X. Hence conclusion I is true.

X < Q = I ≤ Y < U ≤ S = W > J = B > R S > R. Hence conclusion II is true.

**2. Statements: I < B < C = D ≤ E < G > F < H < J**

**Conclusions:**

I. I < E

II. D > J

1) If only conclusion I is true.

2) If only conclusion II is true.

3) If either conclusion I or II is true.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

Ans: 1

I < B < C = D ≤ E < G > F < H < J E > I. Hence conclusion I is true.

I < B < C = D ≤ E < G > F < H < J No relationship can be established between D and J.

Hence conclusion II is not true.

**3. Statements: P > Q < R = U ≤ V = S ≤ W ≥ X > I**

**Conclusions:**

I. Q ≥ V

II. R ≤ W

1) If only conclusion I is true.

2) If only conclusion II is true.

3) If either conclusion I or II is true.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

Ans: 2

P > Q < R = U ≤ V = S ≤ W ≥ X > I V > Q. Hence conclusion I is not true.

P > Q < R = U ≤ V = S ≤ W ≥ X > I R ≤ W. Hence conclusion II is true.

**4. Statement: D < F; D ≥ E > G; I ≥ H > F**

**Conclusion:**

I. G ≥ F

II. H ≥ D

1) If only conclusion I is true.

2) If only conclusion II is true.

3) If either conclusion I or II is true.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

Ans: 4

F > D ≥ E > G F > G. Hence conclusion I does not follow.

H > F > D ≥ E > G H > D. Hence conclusion II does not follow.

**5. Statement: N < O; Q ≤ P = O; S > P; R ≥ O**

**Conclusion:**

I. S > R

II. R ≥ S

1) If only conclusion I is true.

2) If only conclusion II is true.

3) If either conclusion I or II is true.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

ANs: 3

R ≥ O = P < S No relationship can be established between S and R. Hence neither

conclusion I nor II follows but it will make a complimentary pair. Hence either conclusion I or II

follows

**Direction(Q.6-10): In the question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion(s) among given three conclusions is/are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.**

**6. Statements: Z = Y ≥ X > W, Q > O = P ≥ I, W ≥ V ≥ U = Q**

**Conclusions:**

I. Z ≥ Q

II. I ≤ W

III. X > P

1) Only conclusion III is true

2) Only conclusion II is true

3) Only conclusions I and III are true

4) Only conclusions I and II are true

5) Only conclusions II and III are true

Ans: 1

Z = Y ≥ X > W ≥ V ≥ U = Q Z > Q. Hence conclusion I is not true.

W ≥ V ≥ U = Q > O = P ≥ I W > I. Hence conclusion II is not true.

X > W ≥ V ≥ U = Q > O = P X > P. Hence conclusion III is true.

**7. Statements: S > P = N ≤ L, O = L > U, U ≥ W > V ≥ U = T**

**Conclusions:**

I. N ≤ W

II. L > T

III. S > T

1) Only conclusion III is true

2) Only conclusion II is true

3) Only conclusions I and II are true

4) Only conclusions II and III are true

5) None of the conclusions are true

Ans: 2

W > V ≥ U < L ≥ N No relationship can be established between W and

N. Hence conclusion I is not true.

L > U ≥ W > V ≥ U = T L > T. Hence conclusion II is true.

S > P = N ≤ L > U ≥ W > V ≥ U = T No relationship can be established between S and

T. Hence conclusion III is not true.

**8. Statement: L > M = P < Q > R; S ≤ O < N; R > G > N**

**Conclusions:**

I. Q > S

II. S < G

III. M < G

1) Only conclusions II and III are true

2) Only conclusion I is true

3) Only conclusion III is true

4) Only conclusion I and II are true

5) Only conclusion I and III are true

Ans: 4

Q > R > G > N > O ≥ S Q > S. Hence conclusion I is true.

Q > R > G > N > O ≥ S G > S. Hence conclusion II is true.

M = P < Q > R > G > N No relationship can be established between M and G. Hence

conclusion III is true.

**9. Statements: D ≥ E > F; G < H ≤ F; H > I**

**Conclusions:**

I. D > H

II. I < E

III. F > I

1) Only conclusions I and II are true.

2) Only conclusions I and III are true.

3) Only conclusion II is true.

4) All conclusions I, II and III are true

5) Only conclusions II and III are true

Ans: 4

D ≥ E > F ≥ H D > H. Hence conclusion I is true.

E > F ≥ H > I E > I. Hence conclusion II is true.

E > F ≥ H > I F > I. Hence conclusion III is true.

**10. Statements: S > T > V ≤ W < X; V > P > U**

**Conclusions:**

I. S > U

II. P < X

III. S > X

1) Only conclusion I is true.

2) Only conclusions I and II are true.

3) Only conclusion III is true.

4) Only conclusions I and III are true.

5) Only conclusion II is true

Ans: 2

S > T > V > P > U S > U. Hence conclusion I is true.

P < V ≤ W < X X > P. Hence conclusion II is true.

S > T > V ≤ W < X No relationship can be established between S and X. Hence

conclusion III is not true.

We hope that we have succeeded in removing your fear of coding inequalities and now that you know that solving questions on coded inequalities is not as difficult as you thought, just solve a good number of questions on coded inequalities and be prepared to take any competitive exam that comes your way.

For more practice, you can refer to our **free mock tests**.

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