General Awareness is one of the most important and high scoring sections in various competitive exams. It comprises of two parts- Current GK which deals with all the recent happenings around the world and other is Static GK which covers static facts that remain constant throughout the future. So in continuation of ixamBee static series given below is one such topic which is covered under Static GK. The topic discuss below is- Biosphere Reserves In India.
WHAT IS BIOSPHERE RESERVES?
A Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems, label by UNESCO to help protect the sites. They are ecosystem with plants and animals of scientific and natural interest. Their main objective is to develop a balanced relationship between nature and mankind. Biosphere Reserves plan to promote management and research which includes ‘SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES’.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR GIVING THAT STATUS
Biosphere Reserves network is run by MAN AND THE BIOSPHERE PROGRAM which is a division of UNESCO’s (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and tries to improve and encourage conservation and sustainability around the world. Biosphere Reserves are nominated by national governments. They remain under the sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located and are internationally recognized.
THREE ZONES OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES
Biosphere Reserves consist of three interrelated zones which are given below-
- Core Zone- it is strictly protected area or ecosystem that contributes to the landscapes, species conservation and genetic variation.
- Buffer Zone- it surrounds the core zone and used for activities compatible with sound ecological practices
- Transition Zone- it is the outermost zone and open to human activities that are socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable.
NUMBER OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES
Presently there exist 701 biosphere reserves spreading across 124 countries, including 21 trans boundary sites. The distribution of biosphere reserves all over the world is given below-
- 79 sites in Africa
- 33 sites in the Arab States
- 157 sites in Asia and The Pacific region
- 302 in Europe and North America
- 130 in Latin America and the Caribbean
LIST OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES IN INDIA
India has a total 18 biosphere reserves out of which 11 are considered as UNESCO protected Biosphere Reserves. Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve from India has been included in the World Biosphere Reserves under the UNESCO MAB Programme List in 2018. Situated in Sikkim, Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve falls within the Himalaya Global Biodiversity hotspot and is one of the highest ecosystems of the world. The decision to include it in the UNESCO list of Biosphere Reserves was taken in the International Coordination Council meeting of the UN held in Indonesia in 2018. The list of UNESCO Protected Biosphere Reserves are given below-
|STATES||BIOSPHERE RESERVE NAME|
|Odisha||Simlipal Biosphere Reserve|
|Meghalaya||Nokrek Biosphere Reserve|
|West Bengal||Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve|
|Uttarakhand||Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve|
|Chhattisgarh||Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve|
|Madhya Pradesh||Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve|
|Kerala and Tamil Nadu||Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve|
|Tamil Nadu||Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve|
|Tamil Nadu||Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve|
|Great Nicobar||Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve|
|Part of North and West Sikkim districts||Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve|
Besides the above mentioned list, the other biosphere reserves in India but not in the UNESCO list is given below-
|STATES||NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES|
|Himachal Pradesh||Cold Desert|
|Andhra Pradesh||Seshachalam Hills|
|Gujarat||Great Rann of Kutch|
Hope this article will enrich your knowledge base. Will soon come out with another static topic