Reasoning Quiz (Puzzles): NABARD Grade A, SBI Clerk, RBI Assistant

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Reasoning is one such section that requires ample practice in order to score high in the exam. Puzzles hold a majority of marks in this section. To assist candidates with this, we are providing a series of Reasoning Quiz. The questions provided are of moderate level and can be asked in the upcoming Prelims exams of SBI Clerk, RBI Assistant and NABARD Grade A. Given below are the Linear and seating arrangement puzzles. The ideal time to solve both the puzzles is 10 minutes. It is advised to put a timer aside while solving these questions and check whether you completed it on time.

Directions (1-5): Read the given information carefully and answer the given questions.

Eight friends are sitting in a straight line. Some of them face north while some of them face south direction. All of them were born in different months starting from January to August of the same year and on same date.

(i) C who sits at the extreme end of the row and faces south. H is not an immediate neighbour of the oldest person and faces opposite to F and C. Only three persons sit between C and G who was born in June.

(ii) E is not an immediate neighbour of G and sits second to the right of B. D sits second to the right of A who is the oldest person in the group. H is the third oldest person in the group.

(iii) A is not an immediate neighbour of C and G. F was born in May and sits fourth to the left of the one who was born in March. E faces same direction as F but opposite to B and D.

(iv) C is four months older than B. Second oldest person sits immediate right of the one who is third youngest.

1. Who among the following second youngest person in the group?

(a) D

(b) H

(c) V

(d) E

(e) None of these

Q2. Who among the following sits third to the right of D?

(a) B

(b) H

(c) F

(d) A

(e) None of these

Q3. D was born in which of the following month?

(a) February

(b) January

(c) March

(d) August

(e) None of these

Q4. Which of the following statement is not true about G?

(a) G sits third to the right of the one who was born in January

(b) G was born in March

(c) H sits second to the left of G

(d) G is facing south

(e) None is true

Q5. How many persons sit between C and F?

(a) One

(b) Two

(c) Three

(d) More than four

(e) None

Direction (6-10): Study following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Eight friends- R, S, T, U, V, W, X and Y are sitting around a circular table. Some of them are facing center and some of them facing outward. Each of them was born in different months, viz. January, March, April, May, June, July, October and December, but not necessarily in the same order.

(i)X was born in the month of January and facing center. Only three persons sit between X and V. T sits second to the left of S but not an immediate neighbour of V. T and U are facing same directions.

(ii) The one who was born in the month of December is not an immediate neighbour of W. The one who was born in the month of March sits third to the left of the one who was born in the month of May. The one who was born in the month of December sits second to the left of U. Only three persons sit between the one who was born in the month of April and the one who was born in the month of June and both are facing same direction.

(iii) Y and R are immediate neighbours both are facing opposite directions. Only three persons sit between T and U. W and Y are facing same direction. The one who was born in the month of June and the one who was born in the month of March are not immediate neighbours.

(iv) The one who was born in the month of October sits third to the right of the one who was born in the month of June. S is an immediate neighbour of V. The immediate neighbours of X facing opposite directions. 

(v) The one who was born in the month of May facing center of the table. Only two persons sit between V and the one who was born in the month of March. Y is not an immediate neighbour of X.

6. Which of the following combinations is correct?

a) W – June                   

b) Y – April

c) U – May

d) V – July

e) None of these

7. How many persons sit between the one who was born in the month of January and the one who was born in the month of May?

a) One

b) Two

c) Three

d) No one

e) None of these

8. Four of the following five are alike in certain way and thus form a group as per the given arrangement. Which of the following does not belong to that group?

a) June

b) April

c) July

d) October

e) March

9. Who among the following was born in the month of October?

a) W

b) U

c) T

d) S

e) None of these

10. What is the position of T with respect to the one who was born in the month of December?

a) Second to the right

b) Second to the left

c) Immediate right

d) Immediate left

e) None of these

Solutions:

Ans(1-5):

1-(d), 2:-(b), 3:-(a), 4:-(b), 5:-(d)

From (i), we will have two cases:

Case 1.

C will sit at place no. 1. G will sit at place no. 5.

From (ii), we will two subcases:

If B faces south and sits at place no. 4, then E will sit at place no.2.

This case will get discarded as there is no place left for A.

If B faces north and sits at place no. 6, then E will sit at place no.8.

A will sit at place no. 2 and faces north. D will sit at place no. 4.

From (i), H cannot sit at place no. 3 as he is not an immediate neighbour of the oldest person. So, H will sit at place no. 7.

Only person left for place no. 3 is F and faces north.

From (iii), F was born in May and sits fourth to the left of the one who was born in March. It means H born in the month of March.

This case will get discarded as F faces same direction as B.

                                                                               

Case 1.b.

Case 2.

C will sit at place no. 8. G will sit at place no. 4.

From (ii), we will two subcases:

If B faces south and sits at place no. 3, then E will sit at place no.1.

A will sit at place no. 7 and faces south. D will sit at place no. 5.

From (i), H cannot sit at place no. 3 as he is not an immediate neighbour of the oldest person. So, H will sit at place no. 2.

Only person left for place no. 6 is F and faces south.

This case will get discarded H faces north.


                                                                                           

If B faces north and sits at place no. 5, then E will sit at place no.7.

A will sit at place no. 1 and faces north. D will sit at place no. 3.

From (i), H cannot sit at place no. 3 as he is not an immediate neighbour of the oldest person. So, H will sit at place no. 6.

Only person left for place no. 2 is F and faces south.

From (iii), F was born in May and sits fourth to the left of the one who was born in March. It means H born in the month of March.

E will face same direction as F. B and D will same direction.

From (iv) C is four months older than B. It means C born in April and B born in August.

Final arrangement as shown below:

Ans (6-10):

6:-(e), 7:-(c), 8:-(d), 9:-(d), 10:-(a) .

From (i), If X sits at place no. 1, then V will sit at place no. 5.

From (ii) and (iv), S sits at place no. 6 and faces the centre, then T will sit at place no. 2.

From (iii) and (v), U will sit at place no. 6. We need two consecutive places for Y and R. So, two places left for Y and R are 7 and 8. Y cannot sit at place no. 8 as he is not an immediate neighbour of X.

Only person left for place no. 3 is W.

From (ii),If U faces the centre, then the one who was born in the month of December sits at place no. 4 but it is not possible as the one who was born in the month of December is not an immediate neighbour of V. So, U faces outside the centre and the one who was born in the month of December sits at place no.8.

From (v), The one who was born in the month of March sits at place no. 2.

From (i), T and U are facing same direction.

From (iv), R faces the centre.

From (ii) and (v), The one who was born in the month of May sits at place no. 5 and faces the centre.

From (ii), the one who was born in the month of April and the one who was born in the month of June sits at place no. 7 and 3 respectively.

From (iv), the one who was born in the month of June faces outside the centre and the one who was born in the month of October sits at place no. 4.

From (iii), W and Y are facing same direction.

Only month left for U is July.

Final arrangement as shown below:

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