Under its name, India holds some of the tallest and gigantic mountains in the world. These mountains not only give breathtaking views but also make a significant contribution towards maintaining the beauty of geographical features, landscape, and environment. These mountains are the main tourist attraction. People from outside countries come to pay a visit to these mountains. There are major seven Mountain ranges in India and those are the Himalaya, Aravalli, Eastern Ghats, Nilgiri, Shivalik, Vindhya, and Satpura mountain ranges. These ranges are covered with dense forests which accommodate a large variety of plants and animals.
List of Mountains in India is one of the important topics that come under the static G.K section. If you are preparing for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS and Railways exams. You need to cover this topic as questions from these topics have been asked in the past. Before jumping into the list here is some information about important mountains in India.
Important Mountains in India:
Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. This mountain lies between Nepal and India whereas the highest peak lies in India i.e. 8586m North Sikkim, India. After the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India, in the year 1949, Kanchenjunga dropped from 1st to 3rd position in the highest mountain in the world, until them it was assumed Kanchenjunga is that the highest mountain in the world. Mt. Everest ranked 1st in the Highest mountain in the World. Kanchenjunga comes under the Himalayan mountain range and the height of the mountain is 8586m or (28169ft). It is located in the Taplejung District, Nepal and Sikkim, India
Nanda Devi- Chamoli
Nanda Devi is the second highest mountain located in India. It is located in the Chamoli, Uttrakhand. This mountain is the highest one that is entirely located in India. Nanda Devi Mountain is in the 23rd position in the world. After Sikkim joined the Indian Province in 1975, Nanda Devi dropped one position down and became the second-highest mountain in the country. The Nanda Devi Mountains has one of the steepest peaks in the world. It comes under the Garhwal Himalayas range. The height of this mountain is 7816m (25643ft).
Kamet is the 3rd highest mountain range in India located in Chamoli, Uttarakhand. It is the second-highest in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. It is a giant pyramid with a flat summit area. This mountain is one of the toughest to climb in because of its location. It is located near the Tibetan plateau, this area is extremely windy due to which very fewer people prefer to climb here. Kamet comes under the Garhwal Himalayas range. Its height is 7756m (25446ft)
List of Mountains in India
|S.No.||Name of the Mountain||State Name|
|1||Saser Kangri I / K22||Ladakh|
|2||Teram Kangri I||Ladakh|
|4||Kanchenjunga||Sikkim (Shared with Nepal)|
|7||Saltoro Kangri / K10||Ladakh|
|8||Saser Kangri III||Ladakh|
|9||Saser Kangri II E||Ladakh|
|16||Teram Kangri III||Ladakh|
|17||Mamostong Kangri / K35||Ladakh|
|24||Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak||Uttarakhand|
|27||Pathibhara / The Pyramid||Sikkim|
|31||Chong Kumdang Ri||Ladakh|
|34||Nyegyi Kansang||Arunachal Pradesh|
|37||Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo||Ladakh|
|39||Chong Kumdang Ri II||Ladakh|
|48||Saf Minal / P. 6911||Uttarakhand|
|50||Chorten Nyima Ri||Sikkim|
|51||Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak||Uttarakhand|
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