Government Schemes on Women and Child Development in India

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The government has always been supportive of promoting women in India. There are various schemes that have been launched till date by various Ministries in order to promote women and child development. Be it assuring security to women with Women Help Line and One Stop Centre or to promote Girl child survival and education with Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme. These schemes are very important from the exam point of view as these are asked in exams like NABARD very frequently. This particular topic is very important for the upcoming exam NABARD Grade A 2020 for Economic and Social Issues section. Other than that, these schemes come under the General awareness section which is going to be asked in all upcoming competitive exams like RBI Assistant, SBI Clerk etc. The following are some very important schemes that are launched for women and child welfare in India.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao(BBBP):

Launched date: January 22, 2015 by PM Narendra Singh Modi

Ministry Involved:

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • Ministry of Human and Resource Development.

Objective:

This scheme was launched with an aim to prevent gender-based sex selective elimination. It promotes gild child by ensuring survival protection and education of the girl child.

Features:

  • Olympics 2016, Bronze medalist Sakshi Malik was made Brand Ambassador for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao(BBBP) on August 26, 2016.
  • The initial Budget allotted for this scheme was 100 crores.
  • As per 2011 census data the CSR (Child Sex Ratio) was 918 girls per 1000 boys which was dropped form the 2001 Census data i.e. 927 girls per 1000 boys.
  • Budget that is allotted for 2019-2020 to this scheme is 280 crores.

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritiva Abhiyan

Launched date: June 2016.

Ministry Involved: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Objective:

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritiva Abhiyan was launched with an aim to boost health care facilities for Pregnant Women. This scheme will tend to reduce the maternal death rate happening in India. With daily check-ups, chances of severe diseases will be lower. It also makes sure safe delivery and healthy life for the baby.

Features:

  • Women from urban and semi urban areas are not eligible to take advantage of this scheme.
  • The check-up will take place on the 9th of every month.
  • Women who are 3 to 6 months pregnant are eligible to take advantage of this scheme.

Ujjawala Scheme:

Launched date: April 01, 2016

Ministry Involved: Ministry of Women and Child Development

Objective:

This scheme was launched to prevent commercial sexual exploitation of women and children by creating awareness through workshops and seminars. It aims to rescue victims from the place of exploitation and rehabilitate both immediate and long-term victims. They also ensure basic needs like food, shelter, clothes and medical treatment including Counselling (legal aid and guidance).

The main components of the scheme are:

  • Prevention
  • Rescue
  • Rehabilitation
  • Re-integration
  • Repatriation

Implementing agencies who all are eligible for this scheme will have to bear 10% of the project cost whereas 90% of it will be borne by the Government of India.

National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyan)

Launched date: March 8, 2018

Ministry Involved: Ministry of Women and Child Development

Objective: This scheme aims to improve nutritional status belonging to 0 to 6 years, adolescent girls, pregnant women in a time bound manner of three years.

Three years budget that was launched by the National Nutrition Mission for this scheme was 9046. 17 crores commencing from 2017-18.

It aims to benefit more than 10 crores people from this scheme.

Budget allocation for this scheme are as follows.

  • 50% Budget- Government Support.
  • 50% budget- World Bank

Out of the 50% Government budget support.  The ratio of Central to State government support is 60:40. This ratio in the northeast region and Himalayan region is 90:10 and 100% of Central support in UT with the Legislature.

STEP (Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women) Scheme

Launched date: 1986-87

Ministry Involved: Ministry of Women and Child Development

Objective:

This scheme aims to provide skills that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs. It intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years or above.

Features:

  • Budget allocation for this scheme is 3 crores.
  • Maximum duration of the project is 18 months and the maximum number of beneficiaries shall not exceed 200.
  • 90% of the cost of the project will be borne by the government whereas the rest of the 10% will be from implementing agency.
Item CostCeiling per beneficiary3-month courseCeiling per beneficiary6-month course
Training cost14,00020,000
Food and Travel4,0008,000
Total18,00028,000

Women Helpline Scheme

Launched date: April 01, 2015

Ministry Involved: Ministry of Women and Child Development

Objective:

This scheme aims to provide 24-hour emergency and non-emergency response to women that is affected by any kind of harassment in Public/Private, violence including sexual offences. Along with emergency response to women affected, it also provides counselling through the phone and provides awareness about government schemes.

Features:

  • Budget allotted for this scheme in 2019-20 is 17.78 crores.
  • Women helpline numbers have been set up all across the country with the uniform code 181.

Also Read:

ATM Full Form

UPI Full Form

Government schemes of India

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Dear Neha Upreti, I should say all your contributed contents that I have read till date. Sharing with us a blog on the different Government Schemes on Women and Child Development in India is extraordinary and will be most useful for those preparing for bank exams coming soon. Highly appreciate you giving us such detailed explanation on each scheme and their benefits in a vast manner.