Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana

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The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched on July 1, 2015 with the intention to divert more attention to water conservation and its efficient management. The scheme was brought into action by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs with the approval of the Prime Minister. The scheme works under the joint purviews of Ministries of Jal Shakti, Rural Development and Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

The government had allocated a budget of ₹50,000 crore to be utilized over a period of 5 years between 2015-16 to 2020. For the present fiscal year, the allocation stands at ₹ 4,000 crores. 

The tagline of the PMKSY is “More Crop Per Drop”. 

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana: Objectives 

  • To secure more investments for field irrigation
  • To expand the cultivable area available under irrigation
  • To ensure the efficacious use of water on fields to reduce the wastage of water
  • To ensure faster completion of related ongoing projects
  • To utilize water with the help of indigenous rainwater harvesting techniques

Enforcement of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana 

At the federal level, the program will be regulated and is to be supervised and audited by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC). The Committee will be headed by the Prime Minister and will comprise Ministers heading allied ministries.  The implementation and issuance of resources, inter and intra ministerial communication and supervision & performance evaluation will be overseen by the National Executive Committee and NITI Aayog. 

Implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana

The PMKSY is being implemented at all 3 levels of government- National, State and District. Also, the PMKSY has been designed to incorporate all the other ongoing schemes of the government pertaining to water management and agriculture. These schemes are: 

  1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) 
  2. Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) 
  3. On Farm Water Management (OFWM)
  4. Pramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
  5. Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY)
  6. Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF)

Components of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sanchayi Yojana

The PMKSY is composed of the following components:

  • Construction of new water sources by establishing minor irrigation projects
  • Construction of rainwater harvesting systems (Jal Sanchay)
  • Ground water development in areas where rainfall is aplenty
  • Improvement of water distribution systems across the country
  • Proper management of runoff water to improve soil and moisture conservation practices on a watershed basis
  • Create and/or reconstruct traditional water storage systems, like the Jal mandir in Gujarat and Katas and the Bandhas in Odisha and Madhya Pradesh
  • To encourage the use of precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm (Jal Sinchan)

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana Performance

The irrigation programme has been doing especially well in some states more than others. For example, in states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Telangana the scheme has been implemented well. States like West Bengal, Himachal and Assam are yet to pick pace. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of PMKSY

After more than 5 years since its inception, the PMKSY has yielded some benefit to farmers and the agriculture and allied units. Several studies have also been undertaken that highlight the performance of the scheme through the years. We have listed some advantages and challenges seen through the years.

Advantages of the PMKSY

  • Reduced need for water for irrigation
  • Higher yield of crop(s)
  • Higher yield resulting in higher profits
  • Reduced wastage of water through the use of efficient technology
  • Reduction in input use cost(s) due to micro-irrigation

Challenges faced

  • High cost of tube wells
  • Increased dependence on unreliable power supply
  • Drop in the water table
  • Lack of training/awareness among farmers about the scheme and its benefits

Saur Pump Yojana

The Mukhyamantri Saur Krushi Pump Yojana also known as, simply Saur Pump Yojana was launched by the Maharashtra State government to ensure the availability of solar power energy for agricultural pumping and to reduce the dependence on power subsidy. 

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