List of Tiger Reserves in India

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India is currently home to 2967 royal tigers which is 70% of the global tiger population. This was not always the case. India has worked regularly and relentlessly (with more forest coverage and better conservation efforts) in increasing the population of this endangered species. Today’s article is all about tigers, the authority responsible for conserving them, measures that are being taken to protect them, and others. We will also cover various tiger reserves in India and some important information related to them. Before proceeding further, let’s know a little more about tigers.

Photo by Blake Meyer on Unsplash

The Scientific name of a tiger is Panthera tigris. It comes under Endangered species in the IUCN classification. Endangered species are the species which are very likely to become extinct in the near future. Now, the question arises, what is IUCN? IUCN stands for International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. It is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is headquartered in Gland, Switzerland.

Why do we need to conserve tigers?

Various projects are being undertaken for the conservation of tigers; an international committee has also been made to do the same. Why is so much effort being put on to protect this one species? It is because Tiger plays a vital role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem. It is a top predator and at the apex of the food chain. It also maintains the balance between herbivores and the vegetation they eat. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected, and neither would it exist for long thereafter. Hence, to protect the ecological balance of the food chain, it is essential to protect Tiger at any cost.

Trivia:

Tiger stripes are as unique as human fingerprints.

How has it become an Endangered species?

Tiger has become endangered because it faces threats regularly, hence, it needs protection. The different threats that a tiger face are

1.  Poaching which can also be called illegal hunting. It is the most immediate threat to wild tigers.

2.  Habitat loss- Due to the increase in the human population, Tigers have lost an estimated 95% of their historical range.

3.  Human-wildlife conflict- People are cutting forests, as a result, tigers are forced to leave protected areas in search of food and to establish territories. This takes them into human-dominated areas. In defence, humans have to kill tigers.

Tiger Reserves in India

As mentioned above, India has a population of 2967 royal tigers (According to the results of the All India Tiger Estimation, 2018). These Tigers are distributed all over India in various tiger reserves. There are currently 52 tiger reserves in India (in 18 states). They are governed by Project Tiger, administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). The state that has the maximum number of tigers is Madhya Pradesh (526 tigers).

Project Tiger

Project Tiger was launched by the Government of India in April 1973 to protect tigers in India. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). Under this project, central assistance is provided for tiger conservation in designated tiger reserves. This project was started with 9 tiger reserves. Over time, it has increased to 52 (at present). These tiger reserves are spread across 18 states in India. 

The budget and expenditure details of Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)- Project Tiger for the period 2016-17 to 2020-21 is as follows:

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

NTCA or National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. It has been constituted under section 38 L (1) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The authority derives its power from section 38 O (1) of WLPA, 1972 and functions under the guidance of Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and members.

The cabinet minister acts as chairperson of the authority and the minister of state is the  Vice-Chairperson of the same.

Cabinet Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change: Shri Bhupender Yadav (Rajasthan).

Minister of State – Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey (Bihar)

International Tigers Day

International Tigers Day is celebrated annually on July 29. The purpose is to raise awareness about the need to protect tigers. This year’s theme is “Their survival is in our hands”.  It was first celebrated on July 29, 2010, where a number of countries signed an agreement at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit, Russia. According to the World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the current population of the tiger is 3,900. 

52nd Tiger Reserve- Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary

Photo by Rajasthan Tourism Department, GOI

India got its 52nd tiger reserve in Rajasthan after consistent tiger conservation efforts. The Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan has become the 52nd tiger reserve after getting the green signal from the National Tiger Conservation Authority. With this, Rajasthan now has four tiger reserves in total after Ranthambore, Sariska and Mukundra tiger reserves.

Know about Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary

  • The Ramgarh Sanctuary is like a buffer area of the Ranthambore National Park.
  • The Ramgarh sanctuary covers an area of around 252 square kilometres.
  • Wild animals that can be found in this area are- the Indian wolf, leopard, striped hyena, sloth bear, golden jackal, chinkara, nilgai among others.

 List of Tiger Reserves in India

The Tiger Reserves comprise

  • Core Area (Critical Tiger Habitat Area, notified by State Govt.)
  •  Buffer Area (Peripheral Area) 
S. No.Name of Tiger ReserveStateTiger Reserve Notification YearTotal area(In Sq.Kms.)
1Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (part)* Andhra Pradesh 2007 3296.31
2Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh 2010 2052.82
3Pakke Arunachal Pradesh 2007 1198.45
4Kamlang Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh 2012 783
5Manas Assam 2008 3150.92
6Kaziranga Assam 2007 1173.58
7Orang Tiger Reserve Assam 2012 492.46
8Nameri Assam 2007 344
9Valmiki Bihar 899.38
10Indravati Chhattisgarh 2007 2799.07
11Udanti-Sitanadi Chattisgarh 2007 1842.54
12Achanakmar Chattisgarh 2007 914.017
13Palamau Jharkhand 1129.93
14Bandipur Karnataka 2009 1456.3
15Nagarahole Karnataka 2010 1205.76
16Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka 1097.514
17Bhadra Karnataka 1064.29
18Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka 2007 574.82
19Periyar Kerala 2012 925
20Parambikulam Kerala 2007 643.662
21Satpura Madhya Pradesh 2007 2133.30797
22Kanha Madhya Pradesh 2007 2051.791
23Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh 2007 1674.502
24Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh 2007 1598.1
25Panna Madhya Pradesh 2007 1578.55
26Pench Madhya Pradesh 2007 1179.63225
27Melghat Maharashtra 2012 2768.52
28Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra 2000 1727.5911
29Sahyadri Maharashtra 2007 1165.57
30Pench Maharashtra 2007 741.22
31Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra 2009 653.674
32Bor Maharashtra 138.12
33Dampa Mizoram 2007 988
34Similipal Odisha 2009 2750
35Satkosia Odisha 2007 963.87
36Ranthambore Rajasthan 2011 1411.291
37Sariska Rajasthan 2007 1213.342
38Mukandra Hills Rajasthan 2007 759.99
39Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu 2009 1601.542
40Anamalai Tamil Nadu 2012 1479.87
41Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu 2012 1408.4
42Srivilliputhur Megamalai Tamil Nadu 2021 1016.57
43Mudumalai Tamil Nadu 688.59
44Amrabad Telangana 2611.39*
45Kawal Telangana 2013 2019.12
46Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh 2013 2201.7748
47Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh 730.2498
48Amangarh (buffer of Corbett TR) Uttar Pradesh 2014 80.6
49Corbett Uttarakhand 2012 1288.31
50Rajaji TR Uttarakhand 2015 1075.17
51Sunderbans West Bengal 2016 2584.89
52Buxa West Bengal 2016 757.9038
53Ramgarh wildlife sanctuary Rajasthan 2021 252

Important points from the exam point of view:

1.  Top five states with the maximum number of tigers: Madhya Pradesh – 526 tigers, Karnataka – 524 tigers, Uttarakhand – 442 tigers, Maharashtra – 312 tigers and Tamil Nadu – 264 tigers.

2.  Corbett Tiger Reserve has the highest number of tigers in India (231 tigers).

3. Corbett Tiger Reserve has Jim Corbett National Park which is the first and oldest National Park in India, established in 1936 (as Hailey National Park).

4. Buffer area of Corbett Tiger Reserve is known as Amangarh Tiger Reserve in Uttar Pradesh.

5.First National Park to come under Project Tiger is the Jim Corbett National Park.

6. Bor Tiger Reserve is area wise the smallest tiger reserve in India.

7. Nagarjuna Sagar Sagar Tiger reserve is area wise the largest tiger reserve in India.

So this was it for the Tiger Reserves in India. This topic is beneficial for exams like IBPS RRB PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, SSC CGL/CHSL/CPO, Railways NTPC/Group D and others. 

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Assistant Manager- content development@ ixamBee, Neha has cleared IBPS PO and few other banking exams and is a contributor of high-quality content for all the blogs related to strategy, preparation tips, motivation and other topics related to banking exams. She is an efficient writer and having been there, she has the required knowledge and believes in guiding her readers with the best of her learning experiences, backed by her research and analysis, to the path of success.
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