Swedish chemist and philanthropist, Alfred Nobel designed his will in 1895 wherein a large part of his fortune was to be used to establish the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Prize is awarded to individuals who show exceptional merit in their fields. Nobel Prizes are awarded in the fields of Literature, Medicine (or Physiology), Chemistry, Economics, Physics and Peace.
This is an important topic for the General Awareness section for exams like IBPS RRB PO, IBPS RRB Clerk, RRB NTPC, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A and NABARD Grade A among others.
Nobel Prize Winners from India
We have had several Nobel Laureates from India who have made our country proud time and again. We have compiled a list of Nobel Prize winners from India and the respective fields they won it in.
|Har Gobind Khurana||1968||Medicine|
The following Nobel Laureates were either born in India in the British Era or they were residing in India at the time that they were awarded the Nobel Prize. They are/were not citizens of India.
|Ronald Ross||1902||Physiology or Medicine|
|14th Dalai Lama||1989||Peace|
Nobel Prize Trivia
- The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901.
- The first Indian to win a Nobel Prize was Rabindranath Tagore.
- Mother Teresa is the only Indian lady to have won the Nobel Prize.
- Sri Aurobindo was nominated twice but did not win.
- Mahatma Gandhi was nominated several times as well but he did not win a Nobel Prize either.
- Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar, Venki Ramakrishnan, Har Gobind Khurana and Abhijit Banerjee are Nobel Laureates of Indian origin. They had given up their Indian citizenship before they received their Nobel Prizes.
- Abhijit Banerjee won the Nobel Prize in Economics jointly with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer.
- In 2020, the Nobel Prize was awarded to 11 individuals and 1 organisation (World Food Programme).
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