How To Prepare for SSC CGL Exam 2019?



SSC CGL is one of the most sought-after jobs for the aspirants who are looking for a career in the government sector, therefore, it makes it highly competitive.

Before starting the preparation, an aspirant should go through the whole syllabus and exam pattern to get familiar with the nature of the examination and the subjects involved in it (you will find the syllabus and exam pattern in the official SSC website and we are going to discuss it here also).

Although this examination is highly competitive, it is one of the easiest exams to crack if done in the right way.

In this article, we will discuss how to prepare for SSC CGL 2019 from scratch, some tips, and tricks which will help you in preparing better for this exam.

As per the official SSC CALENDAR, the notification of SSC CGL 2019 will release on 31st October 2019.

Before starting, we must first know:

What is SSC CGL Exam?

SSC is a combined graduate level exam, conducted by the staff selection commission. It is held for different posts which come under SSC CGL (GRADE B AND GRADE C posts) officers, auditors assistants and examiners, etc. You can choose the posts according to your area of interest and then should go ahead with the preparation. You will find it in the SSC CGL NOTIFICATION releasing on 31st October 2019 and the previous notification as well.

Selection Process Of SSC CGL 2018-19

The examination will be conducted in four tiers as mentioned below:

  1. Tier 1- Written examination (objective type) MCQ 200 marks
  2. Tier 2- Written examination (objective type) MCQ 200 marks
  3. Tier 3- Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (essay/ precis/ application/ letter writing)
  4. Tier 4- Computer proficiency test/ skills test (wherever applicable)/ document verification.

Subjects in SSC CGL 2019:

There are four major subjects involved in the SSC CGL exam. These are:

  1. English- Tier 1 and 2
  2. Quantitative aptitude – Tier 1 and 2
  3. General awareness- Tier 1
  4. General intelligence and reasoning -Tier 1

SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam Pattern

Tier -I Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time allowed
General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 50 60 Minutes (Total) For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl. See para- 5.10 of Notice): 80 Minutes
General Awareness 25 50
Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
English Comprehension 25 50

SSC CGL TIER 2 Exam Pattern

Tier -II Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time allowed
Paper-I: Quantitative Ability 100 200 120 Minutes (for each Paper) For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl. See para- 5.10 of Notice):160 Minutes
Paper-II: English Language and Comprehension 200 200
Paper-III: Statistics 100 200
Paper-IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200

SSC CGL TIER 3 Exam Pattern

Tier III Mode of Examination Scheme of Examination Maximum Marks Time Allowed
Pen and Paper mode Descriptive Paper in English or Hindi (Writing of Essay/ Precis/Letter/ Application etc.) 100 60 Minutes For VH/ OH (afflicted with Cerebral Palsy/ deformity in writing hand- Pl.

We will discuss it one by one.


English for some is a nightmare depending on their preparation level and educational medium. 

They find this subject as the biggest hurdle in securing good scores in the exam.

The constant effort not only helps you in clearing the cut off but also in boosting your score in this section.

One should prepare well for this section because it is present in tier 2 as well.

English section is divided into three sections 

  1. Grammar:
  2. Fill in the blanks.
  3. Active and passive.
  4. Direct and indirect.
  5. Error spotting. 
  6. Sentence improvement. 
  7. Para jumbles.
  8. Miscellaneous.
  9. Vocabulary
  10. One-word substitutions.
  11. Idioms and phrases.
  12. Spelling errors.
  13. Antonym/Synonym.
  14. Reading comprehension.
  15. Passage.
  16. Cloze test.
  • One should start this section by brushing up on all the basic rules of the grammar. By doing this one will be able to solve questions related to grammar such as fill in the blanks, error detection, direct and indirect speech Para jumbles, etc.
  • To gain the upper hand in this section, a candidate must focus on the vocabulary section. This includes one-word substitution, idioms, phrases, spelling errors, and Antonym/synonym. You can practice all of these by referring to any English grammar book available in the market or whatever you have in your home.
  • The book suggested: Wren and Martin and Norman Lewis.
  • Reading comprehension is a section that is loved by many because it requires a sound mind to approach this topic. Just practice as many as you can to get a grip in this section to save your time in the exam.
  • Book suggested for reading comprehension: Arihant


  • Speed and accuracy are most required for this section.
  • Syllabus of tier 1 and tier 2 is the same but difficulty level of tier 2 is higher

Quantitative aptitude is divided into two parts:

  1. Arithmetic:
  2. Ratio proportion
  3. LCM and HCF
  4. Percentages
  5. Boat and stream
  6. Speed time and distance
  7. Partnership
  8. CI and SI
  9. Pipes and cistern 
  10. Problem on ages
  11. Time and work
  12. Average 
  13. Mixture and alligation
  14. Profit loss and discount
  15. miscellaneous.
  16. Advance math:
  17. Geometry
  18. Mensuration
  19. Data interpretation
  20. Trigonometry
  21. Height and distance
  22. Algebra
  23. Coordinate geometry
  24. Miscellaneous.
  • Geometry, trigonometry along with Algebra are some of the most important topics of this section.
  • To approach this section, one should start solving basic questions of the above chapters. For arithmetic, one can refer R.S. Agrawal, for geometry and mensuration NCERT class 10th could be referred, after that any reference books can be taken for the practice of these chapters.
  • As only solving questions is not enough. Solving it on time is what matters, for this some good tips and tricks would help you in saving your precious time during the examination.
  • Once you are done with all the basic questions and tricks, you can now jump into giving mocks related to the chapters. this will test your ability to solve the questions and you can keep a check on your preparation level
  • This subject is also in tier 2 so preparing well for this section can help you in tier 2 as well.
  • This section also consists of 25 questions for every correct answer 2 marks will be allotted whereas -0.5 will be given for wrongly marked.


  • This section is not something which you can master in a day but this is the only section if prepared well can be done in 7 to 8 minutes.
  • If prepared well, aspirants can score well in this section and can boost their score.

The main topics of a general awareness section consist of

  1. Current affairs
  2. Economy and finance
  3. Geography
  4. History
  5. Indian polity and constitution
  6. Science and technology
  7. Static GK.
  • Although it seems vast at first but with constant and regular efforts one can tackle this section and can get an upper hand over the competitors.
  • Start with covering topics one by one, you can start with the topic you’re most comfortable with, if you have time, Ncert is one of the most suggested books for covering the section but books like lucent can also do the work.
  • Along with the static topics, one should also keep a check on recent happenings to get an updated view on current affairs.
  • Previous year questions and regular mocks can help you master this section.


This section is one of the easiest sections and loved by many but should not be taken as granted.

This section is majorly divided into two parts:

  1. General mental ability
  2. Alphabet test
  3. Analogy
  4. Arithmetic reasoning
  5. Blood relation
  6. Classification
  7. Coding decoding
  8. Distance direction test
  9. Matrix
  10. Logical venn diagram
  11. Missing number.
  12. Non-verbal reasoning:
  13. Paper cutting and folding ‘
  14. Embedded figures
  15. Figures formation and analysis
  16. Series
  17. Cube and dice
  18. Mirror image
  19. Water image
  20. Pattern completion
  21. Counting of figures.
  • The book advises for this section: RS Agrawal verbal and non-verbal reasoning.
  • Although all the topics are doable for this section some chapters are there which needs attention and practice to gain momentum and to save time in the exam.
  • Practice more and more to get a grip in this section.
  • Previous year questions can also help to see the pattern of questions coming in the exam.

Useful Tips for SSC CGL

  1. SSC always seems to repeat previous year questions, therefore, it is advised to practice previous year question papers to have an idea on type questions that comes in the exam.
  2. Don’t waste too much time on one question.
  3. Give mocks as much as possible after completing the syllabus to analyze your performance.
  4. Focus on clearing the basics first and give proper time to every section 
  5. Make a proper study plan and stick to it.
  6. Don’t leave any section thinking it is easy, try to solve as many questions you can.

Also Read:

SSC CGL 2018-19 Ist Shift Analysis

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