List of Vice-Presidents in India and their Term of Office

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The list of India’s vice-presidents is important for any competitive exam. Banking, UPSC, SSC, railways, and other exams are among them. This article has included a list of Vice President of India. You are recommended to read this list before taking the exam to achieve higher scores.

According to the Indian Constitution, the position of Vice-President is the second most powerful authority in our nation. The powers and responsibilities associated with this post are just below the powers of the President of India. Mr. Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu, the incumbent vice president of India, ranked number 13 on the list of Indian vice presidents. The vice-presidents of India include all vice-presidents appointed under Article 63 of the Indian Constitution.

The Vice President performs the President’s duties in the case of an emergency, absence, or death. In such cases, the vice-president takes the position of president. Article 65 of the Indian constitution grants him these powers. He has complete authority to make or take any required decisions or acts.

Vice President of India List

Post-independence, till now a total of 13 entities were selected for the role of Vice-President. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan served as India’s first vice president. On May 13, 1952, he took the oath of office at Rashtrapati Bhawan. The following is a tabular list of India’s vice presidents from 1950 to 2020:

S. No.Vice – PresidentTook OfficeLeft OfficePresident
1Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan13 May 195212 May 1962Dr. Rajendra Prasad (First President of India)
2Dr. Zakir Hussain13 May 196213 May 1967Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
3Sh. Varahagiri Venkata Giri13 May 19673 May 1969Dr. Zakir Hussain
4Gopal Swarup Pathak1 September 19691 September 1974Sh. Varahagiri Venkata Giri
5Basappa Danappa Jatti1 September 197425 July 1977Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
6Justice Muhammad Hidayatullah25 August 197725 July 1982Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
7Ramaswamy Venkataraman25 August 198225 July 1987Giani Zail Singh
8Shankar Dayal Sharma3 September 198724 July 1992Ramaswamy Venkataraman
9Kocheril Raman Narayanan21 August 199224 July 1997Shankar Dayal Sharma
10Krishan Kant21 August 199727 July 2002Kocheril Raman Narayanan
11Bhairon Singh Shekhawat19 August 200221 July 2007A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
12Mohammad Hamid Ansari(Longest serving Vice President and  chairman of Rajya Sabha)11 August 200710 August 2017Pratibha Patil (2007-2012)
Pranab Mujherjee(2012-2017)
Ram Nath Kovind (2017)
13M Venkaiah NaiduAug 06, 2017IncumbentRam Nath Kovind

Eligibility Criteria for a Vice President

The candidate must fulfill the below-mentioned eligibility criteria to be on the list of vice presidents of India:

  • A citizen of India
  • More than 35 years
  • He/she should not hold any office of profit under any government or local authority
  • He/she must be eligible to be elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha

How is the Vice President of India elected?

The Vice President is elected indirectly by members of both houses of parliament i.e., the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The voting is held using a secret ballot. The voting is done with a single transferable vote. Only members of both houses of parliament who have been nominated will vote in the vice-presidential elections.

Any candidate for the position of vice president must deposit a security deposit of Rs. 15,000 with the Reserve Bank of India and the Election Commission of India. The vice-presidential election should be held within two months of the current vice president’s term expiring. If a dispute or controversy occurs during the elections for vice president, it is settled by the Indian Supreme Court. The vice president serves a five-year term. There is no limit to how many times a person can hold the office. 

Vice President Oath

The following oath is taken by the selected candidate for the position of vice-president at the swearing-in ceremony. This oath is given under article 69 of the Indian constitution.

The Oath:

“I, [name] do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and that I will faithfully discharge the duty upon which I am about to enter.”

“मैं, [नाम] ईश्वर की शपथ लेता हूँ कि मैं विधि द्वारा स्थापित भारत के संविधान के प्रति सच्ची सत्यनिष्ठा से प्रतिज्ञा करता हूँ, श्रद्धा और निष्ठा रखूँगा तथा जिस पद को मैं ग्रहण करने वाला हूँ उसके कर्तव्यों का श्रद्धापूर्वक निर्वहन करूँगा।”

Conclusion

The Vice President is an important part of the Indian Constitution which is asked in most of the government exams. This article is relevant for the static GK portion of the competitive exams like UPSC, RRB, SSC, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, SBI Clerk, SBI PO etc. Read it thoroughly for the exams and to know the constitution better.

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