The Republic of India is known for its diverse culture and climatic conditions. It is a democratic country and occupies a prominent place in South Asia. India is spread across 812.3 million acres and is ranked 7th in the world. The countries that share borders with India are Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, and Sri Lanka (Water boundary). One of the most outstanding qualities of India is that it stands united despite different cultural and regional differences thus justifying the slogan- “Unity in Diversity”. In the new map of India, there are 28 States and 8 Union Territories (two of them are newly created i.e. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh), earlier it was 28 states and 8 Union Territories.
India is also known for its longest written constitution. It has 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 Schedules. The Constitution of India was adopted by the constitution assembly on 26th November 1949 however, it came into force on 26th January 1950. 26th January was then marked as Republic Day of India and is celebrated every year on this day. Dr. B.R Ambedkar who was the then Union Law Minister and chairman of the Drafting Committee is known as the architect of the constitution of India because he played a prominent role in drafting the constitution of India.
India’s states and their capitals are one of the most frequently asked questions in competitive examinations, therefore it is important to have a grip on this topic.
Below is the list of States and Union Territories with their Capitals
|S.No||States Name||Capital||Founded on|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad/ Amravati||1 Nov. 1956|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 Feb. 1987|
|3||Assam||Dispur||26 Jan. 1950|
|4||Bihar||Patna||26 Jan. 1950|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Naya Raipur (Atal Nagar)||1 Nov. 2000|
|6||Goa||Panaji||30 May. 1987|
|7||Gujarat||Ahmedabad/Gandhinagar||1 May. 1960|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh/ Faridabad||1 Nov. 1966|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla (Summer)/ Dharamshala (Winter)||25 Jan. 1971|
|10||Jharkhand||Ranchi/ Jamshedpur||15 Nov. 2000|
|11||Karnataka||Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)||1 Nov. 1956|
|12||Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram/ Kochi||1 Nov. 1956|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal/Indore||1 Nov. 1956|
|14||Maharashtra||Mumbai (Summer)/ Nagpur (Winter)||1 May. 1960|
|15||Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan. 1972|
|16||Meghalaya||Shillong||21 Jan. 1972|
|17||Mizoram||Aizawl||20 Feb. 1987|
|18||Nagaland||Kohima/ Dimapur||1 Dec. 1963|
|19||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 Jan. 1950|
|20||Punjab||Chandigarh/ Ludhiana||1 Nov. 1956|
|21||Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov. 1956|
|22||Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May. 1975|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 Jan. 1950|
|24||Telangana||Hyderabad||2 Jun. 2014|
|25||Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan. 1972|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 Jan. 1950|
|27||Uttarakhand||Dehradun (Winter)Gairsain (Summer)||9 Nov. 2000|
|28||West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov. 1956|
List of the Union Territories in India
The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act of 2019 designated October 31, 2019, as the appointed day for the two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh. This is the first time a state has been divided into two Union Territories. With effect from January 26, 2020, the country’s total number of states will be 28. India now has 8 union territories.
The Union Territories of Daman and Diu, as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli, have been merged as a single union territory since January 26, 2020 as a result of a Bill passed by Parliament during the winter session. The number of UTs has been reduced to eight following the merger of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
India consists of 8 Union Territories (two have been created recently i.e. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh). List of Union Territories and their capitals is given below:
|Union Territories Names||Capital||Founded on|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov. 1956|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman||26 Jan. 2020|
|Delhi||New Delhi||9 May. 1905|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)Jammu (Winter)||31 Oct 2019|
|Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov. 1956|
|Puducherry||Pondicherry||1 Nov. 1954|
|Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct 2019|
States and Capitals of India: UT Updates
- Since January 26, 2020, India has eight union territories. The union territories of Daman and Diu, as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli, have merged to form a new union territory.
- On August 5, 2019, the central government also declared the abolition of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories, namely Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
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