The Republic of India is known for its diverse culture and climatic conditions. It is a democratic country and occupies a prominent part of South Asia. India is spread across 812.3 million acres and is ranked 7th in the world. The countries that share borders with India are Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka (Water boundary). One of the most outstanding qualities of India is that it stands united despite different cultural and regional differences thus justifying the slogan- “Unity in Diversity”. In the new map of India, there are 28 States and 9 Union Territories (two of them are newly created i.e. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh), earlier it was 29 states and 7 Union Territories.
India is also known for its longest written constitution. It has 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 Schedules. The Constitution of India was adopted by the constitution assembly on 26th November 1949 however, it came into force on 26th January 1950. 26th January was then marked as republic day of India and is celebrated every year on this day. Dr. B.R Ambedkar who was then the Union Law minister and chairman of the Drafting Committee is known as the architect of the constitution of India because he played a prominent role in drafting the constitution of India.
India state and its capitals are one of the most asked questions in competitive examinations, therefore it is important to have a grip on this topic.
Below is the list of states and union territories with their capitals :
|Indian State List||Capital Name|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad/ Amravati|
|Goa||Panaji/Vasco Da Gama|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla(Summer)/ Dharamsala(Winter)|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai (Summer)/Nagpur( Winter)|
|Punjab||Chandigarh / Ludhiana|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow/ Kanpur|
List of the Union Territories in India:
India consists of 9 Union Territories (two have been created recently i.e. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh). List of Union Territories and their capitals is given below:
|Union Territory (UT) List||Capital Name of UT|
|Andaman and Nicobar islands||Port Blair|
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||Silvassa|
|Daman and Diu||Daman|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar(Summer)/ Jammu (Winter)|
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