Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) provides various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) and its affiliated institutions at the district level created KVK as an agricultural extension center. . The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry.
KVK’s mission is to assess the technology and demonstrate its application to the farmers while also building capacity. The following activities are planned for each KVK in order to effectively carry out the mandate.
- Testing on-farm to determine the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems
- Demonstrations on the field to determine the production potential of technologies on farmers’ fields
- Extension of personnel’s and Farmers capacity development in order to keep their knowledge and skills up to date on modern agricultural technologies
- To serve as a knowledge and resource center for agricultural technologies, assisting public, private, and voluntary sector initiatives aimed at improving the district’s agricultural economy
- Provide farm advisories on a variety of topics of interest to farmers using ICT and other media
KVK is responsible for producing high-quality technological products (seed, planting materials, bio-agents, and livestock) and making them accessible to farmers, organizing frontline extension activities, identifying and documenting selected farm innovations, and converging with ongoing KVK schemes and programs.
- The first KVK was established as a pilot project in Puducherry (Pondicherry) in 1974, under the administrative control of the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in Coimbatore. There are currently 721 KVKs, with 498 belonging to State Agricultural Universities (SAU) and Central Agricultural Universities (CAU), 66 to ICAR Institutes, 104 to NGOs, 38 to State Governments, and the rest to other educational institutions.
- Agricultural universities, ICAR institutes, related government departments, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in agriculture are all eligible to apply for KVKs. A KVK is usually linked to a local agricultural university.
- All KVKs are governed by one of India’s 11 Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes (ATARIs).
- These Krishi Vigyaan Kendras are entirely funded by the Indian government and are critical to meeting the government’s goal of doubling farmer income in the near future.
History of KVKs
The Education Commission (1964-66) recommended that a concerted effort be made to establish specialized institutions that would provide pre-and post-matriculate vocational education in agriculture and related fields to meet the training needs of a large number of boys and girls from rural areas.
Furthermore, the Commission suggested that such institutions be called “Agricultural Polytechnics.” The Commission’s recommendations were thoroughly debated by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Planning Commission, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and other allied institutions between 1966 and 1972. Finally, the ICAR proposed that Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Agricultural Science Centres) be established as innovative institutions to provide vocational training to practicing farmers, school dropouts, and field-level extension functionaries.
In a meeting held in August 1973, the ICAR Standing Committee on Agricultural Education stated that the establishment of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) was of national importance because it would help in accelerating agricultural production as well as improving the socio-economic conditions of the farming community and that all related institutions should be involved in its implementation. As a result, in 1973, the ICAR formed a committee led by Dr. Mohan Singh Mehta of Seva Mandir in Udaipur (Rajasthan) to devise a detailed plan for implementing this scheme. In 1974, the Committee submitted its report.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra Features
- Creation of valuable resources in terms of technical manpower and assets
- Confirmation of technologies to suit local specificity
- Showcasing the frontier technologies
- Capacity-building among stakeholders
- Front runner in technological application, information, and inputs
- Participatory approaches in planning, implementing, executing, and evaluation
KVK – Aims & Objectives
- Krishi Vigyan Kendra is critical in demonstrating location-specific agricultural technologies through on-farm testing
- Through technology assessment, refinement, and demonstrations, it aims to assess location-specific technology modules in agriculture and related enterprises. It also aspires to put agricultural research into practice in a small-scale, localized setting
- Krishi Vigyan Kendras have been serving as agricultural technology knowledge and resource centers, assisting public, private, and non-profit initiatives aimed at improving the district’s agricultural economy
Krishi Vigyan Kendra – KVK Portal
The government has launched a Krishi Vigyan Kendra online portal in the year 2018. The KVK portal assists in the national monitoring of all KVK centers and the provision of timely advisories to farmers.
KVK Portal – Objectives
- Observe the activities and resource utilization of various Krishi Vigyan Kendras
- Creating a database of all of the KVK’s various programs
- Using web-portal and mobile technology, assisting farmers in resolving their issues
- Providing farmers with timely weather and market information via the portal. In addition, providing information about the KVK’s various facilities and activities
- Farmers and Agricultural Officers, for example, can register and gain access to relevant information about different Krishi Vigyan Kendras
Aim of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Portal
The portal’s purpose is to use the web and mobile technology to quickly and effectively transfer agricultural scientists’ technologies to farmers, as well as to track the activities of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs).