MCQ questions on Statement & Inference are often asked in the Reasoning Ability section of many competitive exams like RBI Grade B, RBI Assistant, SEBI Grade A, IFSCA Grade A, PFRDA Grade A, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, LIC AAO, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS SO, SBI PO, SBI Clerk, etc.
In reasoning, a ‘Statement’ is a proposition or assertion that is either true or false. It is a declarative sentence that expresses a fact or opinion. For example, "All cats have fur" is a statement.
An ‘Inference’, on the other hand, is a logical conclusion that can be drawn from one or more statements. It is a process of reasoning by which a conclusion is reached based on the evidence or information provided. For example, if we know that "All cats have fur" and "Fluffy is a cat", we can make the inference that "Fluffy has fur".
Inferences are made based on the rules of logic and the relationship between the statements. Inferences can be deductive or inductive. In deductive reasoning, the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises, whereas in inductive reasoning, the conclusion is probable but not certain.
Competitive exams often include questions on statement and inference as they require candidates to analyze complex information, identify relevant details, and draw conclusions based on that information.