Analogy forms an essential part of the Logical Reasoning section of competitive exams like- SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SBI PO, IBPS PO, RBI Grade B, RBI Assistant, ECGC PO and many more. This topic is asked in competitive exams because Analogy questions test the candidate's ability to identify patterns, understand relationships, and think logically. They are an important part of aptitude tests in competitive exams, and are used to assess the candidate's verbal and non-verbal reasoning skills.
Analogy in Reasoning Ability refers to the ability to find relationships between words, phrases, or concepts based on similarities in structure, function, or meaning. Analogy questions require the candidate to identify the relationship between two given words and then select the pair of words that has the same relationship.
For example, "dog" is to "bark" as "cat" is to "meow." Here, the relationship between the words is that of a common characteristic, i.e., the sound made by the animal. The candidate needs to identify this relationship and then select the correct answer from the given options.
The following types of questions may be asked from this topic: