The topic of Cause & Effect forms one of the most important parts of the Logical Reasoning syllabus. In fact, this topic is assessed in many banking/regulatory bodies/government exams like- RBI Grade B, PFRDA Grade A, SEBI Grade A, NABARD Grade A, SBI PO, IBPS PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, etc. Preparing well for this topic is essential because Cause and Effect questions test the candidate's ability to analyze information, understand relationships, and think logically. They are used to assess the candidate's problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
Cause and effect in reasoning ability refers to the relationship between two events or actions, where one event or action (the cause) leads to the occurrence of another event or action (the effect). In reasoning ability tests, cause and effect questions require the candidate to identify the relationship between a given cause and effect and then choose the most logical or likely cause from a list of options.
For example, if the effect is "the lamp is not working," the possible causes could be "the bulb is burnt out," "the power is off," or "the switch is broken." The candidate needs to analyze the information and choose the most likely cause based on their understanding of cause and effect relationships.
Questions based on Cause & Effect can be of the following types: