Reasoning Questions & Answers For Competitive Exams
Reasoning aptitude questions is an essential component of competitive exams that assess a candidate's ability to understand and analyze complex problems. It involves logical thinking, critical analysis, and problem-solving skills that are necessary to navigate through competitive exams. Reasoning questions are designed to test a candidate's ability to reason with abstract concepts, recognize patterns, and make logical connections. Therefore, practicing reasoning question pdf can help candidates develop these skills and increase their chances of success in competitive exams.
A reasoning aptitude question is a type of question that requires a candidate to use logic and critical thinking to arrive at a solution. These questions may be presented in various formats, such as multiple-choice, true/false, or fill-in-the-blank. Examples of reasoning questions with answers include puzzles, analogies, syllogisms, and data interpretation.
A reasoning aptitude question and answer is the solution or explanation provided by a candidate for a reasoning topic. It should be based on logical reasoning and critical thinking skills and should demonstrate the ability to understand and analyze complex problems. A well-formulated Reasoning Aptitude questions for competitive examinations answer should be clear, concise, and to the point, and should provide a logical and well-supported explanation for the solution.
Major Divisions of Reasoning Aptitude Questions
The major divisions of reasoning aptitude questions can vary depending on the specific exam or test, but some common categories include Verbal Reasoning: These questions test a candidate's ability to understand and analyze written or spoken information, such as reading comprehension, analogies, and logical deductions.
Non-Verbal Reasoning: These questions assess a candidate's ability to understand and analyze visual information, such as pattern recognition, spatial reasoning, and visual analogies.
Logical Reasoning: These questions test a candidate's ability to identify logical relationships between concepts, such as syllogisms, deductive reasoning, and critical thinking.
Analytical Reasoning: These questions assess a candidate's ability to identify and solve complex problems, such as data interpretation, problem-solving, and decision-making.
Abstract Reasoning: These questions test a candidate's ability to think creatively and outside the box, such as identifying patterns, recognizing sequences, and identifying connections between seemingly unrelated concepts.
Inductive Reasoning: These questions assess a candidate's ability to identify patterns and generalize information based on specific examples.
Deductive Reasoning: These questions test a candidate's ability to draw conclusions based on logical deduction and inference from given information.
Candidates can prepare for these types of questions by practicing sample questions and exercises in each category to develop their reasoning skills and increase their chances of success in competitive exams.
Visual analogies (e.g. identifying relationships between shapes)
Syllogisms (e.g. identifying valid or invalid arguments)
Deductive reasoning (e.g. identifying conclusions based on given information)
Critical thinking (e.g. identifying flaws in an argument)
Data interpretation (e.g. analyzing charts, graphs, and tables)
Problem-solving (e.g. identifying solutions to complex problems)
Decision-making (e.g. weighing pros and cons of different options)
Identifying patterns (e.g. finding a rule that governs a sequence of shapes)
Sequences (e.g. identifying the next shape in a series)
Connections (e.g. identifying relationships between seemingly unrelated concepts)
Generalizing from specific examples (e.g. identifying a pattern in a set of data)
Identifying trends (e.g. recognizing a trend in a set of data)
Identifying valid or invalid arguments (e.g. identifying whether a conclusion logically follows from given premises)
Making inferences (e.g. drawing a conclusion based on given information)
Arithmetic (e.g. basic math problems)
Algebra (e.g. solving for unknown variables)
Geometry (e.g. calculating areas and volumes)
Statistics (e.g. analyzing data sets)
Logical reasoning is a type of reasoning that evaluates a candidate's ability to identify and analyze logical relationships between concepts. Logical reasoning questions can be found in many competitive exams, and they typically require the candidate to draw conclusions based on given premises, identify valid or invalid arguments, and use critical thinking to solve complex problems.
The major divisions of logical reasoning questions include:
Deductive Reasoning: These types of reasoning aptitude questions test a candidate's ability to draw conclusions based on logical deduction and inference from given information.
Inductive Reasoning: This assesses a candidate's ability to identify patterns and generalize information based on specific examples.
Abductive Reasoning: The Abductive reasoning questions evaluate a candidate's ability to make an educated guess or hypothesis based on incomplete information or observations.
Critical Thinking: These reasoning questions test a candidate's ability to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of an argument, identify flaws in reasoning, and make informed decisions.
Analogy: The Analogy questions test a candidate's ability to identify relationships between concepts and apply them to new situations.
Syllogism: These reasoning questions test a candidate's ability to identify valid or invalid arguments based on two given premises and a conclusion.
Types of Reasoning Questions For Competitive Examination
There are several common types of reasoning questions and answers that appear in competitive exams. Some of these includes:
Coding-Decoding: These Coding Decoding reasoning aptitude questions involve coding letters or words based on a specific pattern, and then decoding them to find the original word or phrase.
Analogy: The Analogy questions and answers involve identifying a relationship between two given words or concepts, and then finding a similar relationship between two other words or concepts.
Syllogism: These reasoning questions involve drawing logical conclusions from two or more statements, known as premises.
Series Completion: These questions series involve identifying the next item in a sequence of numbers, letters, or other objects.
Blood Relations: This involves identifying the relationships between individuals based on information given about their family tree.
Logical Deduction: These types of logical deduction questions and answers involve drawing conclusions based on given information and logical deduction.
Direction Sense: These reasoning questions involve identifying directions, such as north, south, east, and west, based on given information.
Data Sufficiency: The data sufficiency involves determining whether the given data is sufficient to answer a particular question.
Seating Arrangement: The seating arrangement questions involve arranging individuals or objects in a specific order based on given conditions.
Cube and Dice: These reasoning questions involve identifying the positions of various parts of a cube or dice based on given information.
Competitive Exams with Reasoning Aptitude As A Subject
NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) Exam
RBI (Reserve Bank of India) Exam
Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) Exam
CAT (Common Admission Test)
UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Civil Services Exam
LIC (Life Insurance Corporation) Exam
Bank PO/Clerk Exams
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
Staff Selection Commission (SSC) exams
Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) exams
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
Defense exams like the National Defense Academy (NDA) exam
State Public Service Commission (PSC) exams
Insurance exams conducted by various insurance companies like LIC, NIACL, etc.
How To Crack Reasoning Aptitude Question In Exams
Understand the different types of reasoning questions: Before the exam, make sure you have a clear understanding of the different types of reasoning questions such as logical reasoning, analytical reasoning, verbal reasoning, non-verbal reasoning, abstract reasoning, etc.
Practice regularly: To crack reasoning aptitude questions in exams, you need to practice regularly. Set a target for the number of questions you want to solve each day and make sure to review your answers.
Improve your reasoning skills: To improve your reasoning skills, you need to learn the basic concepts and practice different types of reasoning questions. Start with easy questions and gradually move on to more difficult ones.
Focus on the question: Read the question carefully and understand what is being asked. Identify the key information and eliminate any obviously incorrect options before selecting your answer.
Use logic and reasoning: Use logic and reasoning to solve the question. Try to identify the relationship between the given information and apply logical deduction to arrive at the correct answer.
Time management: Time management is crucial when it comes to reasoning aptitude questions. Practice solving questions within a set time limit to improve your speed and accuracy.
Solved Example of Some Important Reasoning Aptitude Topic
Logical Reasoning MCQ Questions
Question 1: All cats are mammals. Some mammals are dogs. Therefore, some cats are dogs. This is an example of which type of logical reasoning?
a) Inductive reasoning
b) Deductive reasoning
c) Analogical reasoning
d) Abductive reasoning
Answer: b) Deductive reasoning
Question 2:If A = 2, B = 5, and C = 8, what is the value of (A + B) x C?
Answer: b) 70
Explanation: First, we add A and B, which equals 7. Then we multiply the sum by C, which is 8. Therefore, the answer is (7 x 8) = 56.
Types of Verbal Reasoning Questions and Answers
Question 3: choose the word that is most similar in meaning to the word "lavish":
Which word does not belong in the following group?
Answer: a) Apple
Deductive Reasoning MCQ Questions
Which of the following is an example of deductive reasoning?
a) All birds have wings, and penguins are birds, therefore penguins can fly.
b) All birds can fly, and penguins are birds, therefore penguins can fly.
c) Some birds can fly, and penguins are birds, therefore penguins can fly.
Answer: a) All birds have wings, and penguins are birds, therefore penguins can fly.
Which of the following is an example of deductive reasoning?
a) All swans are white, and this bird is white, therefore it must be a swan.
b) Some swans are black, and this bird is black, therefore it cannot be a swan.
c) All swans are white, and this bird is black, therefore it cannot be a swan.
Answer: a) All swans are white, and this bird is white, therefore it must be a swan
Inductive Reasoning MCQ
In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is:
a) Certain and guaranteed.
b) Probable and based on evidence.
c) Derived from logical rules and principles.
Answer: b) Probable and based on evidence.
Which of the following is an example of inductive reasoning?
a) All planets in the solar system orbit the Sun, therefore all planets in the universe must orbit a star.
b) All humans are mortal, and John is a human, therefore John must be mortal.
c) All mammals give birth to live young, therefore all animals give birth to live young.
Answer: a) All planets in the solar system orbit the Sun, therefore all planets in the universe must orbit a star.
Analytical Reasoning MCQ
Analytical reasoning involves:
a) Evaluating arguments and drawing conclusions.
b) Analyzing data and making predictions.
c) Solving puzzles and identifying patterns.
Answer: c) Solving puzzles and identifying patterns.
Which of the following is an example of analytical reasoning?
a) If it is raining, then I will bring an umbrella.
b) John is taller than Sarah, and Sarah is taller than Mark, therefore John is the tallest.
c) If A implies B, and B implies C, then A implies C.
Answer: c) If A implies B, and B implies C, then A implies C.
Quantitative Reasoning MCQ
What is the value of x in the equation 2x + 5 = 17?
a) x = 4
b) x = 6
c) x = 8
d) x = 9
Answer: b) x = 6
If a book originally costs $40 and is on sale for 20% off, what is the sale price?
Answer: a) $32
FAQs Of Reasoning Aptitude
Question - Are Logical reasoning questions difficult to solve?
Answer - It depends on the individual's aptitude and level of preparation. With practice and a clear understanding of concepts, logical reasoning questions can be solved easily.
Question - What are the key points to approach reasoning questions?
Answer- The key points to approach reasoning aptitude questions are to understand the question, analyze the given information, identify patterns, and use logical reasoning to arrive at the correct answer.
Question - How can I improve my reasoning skills?
Answer- To improve reasoning skills, one can practice sample questions, take mock tests, and read books on reasoning aptitude. Regular practice and analysis of mistakes can help improve reasoning skills.
Question - What are some books to prepare for reasoning aptitude?
Answer - Some recommended books for reasoning aptitude preparation are
A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning" by R.S. Aggarwal
Analytical Reasoning" by M.K. Pandey
Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation for the CAT" by Nishit K. Sinha
"501 Challenging Logical Reasoning Practice Book" by the Learning Express Editors.