Para-Jumbles form an important part of the syllabus of many government and competitive exams like- SBI PO, IBPS PO, IBPS SO, SEBI Grade A, RBI Grade B and many others. It is a very scoring topic. Candidates can expect at least 4 to 5 questions from this topic.
What are Parajumbles?
Parajumbles are nothing but a paragraph with jumbled sentences. The candidates will have to arrange the jumbled sentences in such a manner that it becomes a meaningful paragraph. Think of it like a jigsaw puzzle which you have to solve.
Types of Parajumbles
When the Opening Sentence is given
In this type of parajumbles the opening/introductory sentences are given. The candidates need to arrange the rest of the sentences.
When the Closing Sentence is given
In this type, the closing sentence is given and the candidates will have to arrange the rest of the sentences.
When the Opening & Closing Sentences are given
Here, the opening and closing sentences are given and the candidates have to arrange the remaining sentences.
When neither Opening or Closing sentences are given
Sometimes neither the opening or closing sentences are given. In this case the candidates have to arrange the sentences in a manner which makes sense.
How to approach Questions on Parajumbles?
To make sure that you answer questions on parajumbles correctly, there are a few things you need to keep in mind-
- First and foremost, read all the sentences carefully and try to understand the theme of the passage.
- Then try to identify the opening and closing sentences of the paragraph. The opening sentence will introduce the paragraph and will be independent of the remaining sentences. On the other hand, a closing sentence is one which will conclude the paragraph. Furthermore, the last sentence will be logically connected to the entire paragraph.
- Try to identify mandatory pairs. For instance, two sentences may be connected through various connectors and other determiners like-
- Connecting words- hence, therefore, thus, therefore, etc.
- Continuation of an idea
- Identify the transition words to arrange the sentences properly. Transition words will enable you to find the next sentence since they work like logical connectors between two sentences. Some examples of transition words are- above all, as well as, accordingly, aside from, barring, besides, even so, furthermore, moreover, in addition, likewise, subsequently, etc.
Sample Questions on Parajumbles
Q1) Directions: Rearrange the following four sentences (A), (B), (C), and (D) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph
- This includes looking after the children and doing all of the housework, which is fairly labor intensive.
- A stereotype that has existed a long time is that females ought to stay home, taking care of the family once they get married.
- Nowadays an ever-increasing number of women work full time, and in this reality it is widely believed that house chores should be shared between men and women equally.
- One of the reasons for sharing housework between males and females is to promote gender equality.
The proper sequence should be-
Nowadays an ever-increasing number of women work full time, and in this reality it is widely believed that house chores should be shared between men and women equally. One of the reasons for sharing housework between males and females is to promote gender equality. A stereotype that has existed a long time is that females ought to stay home, taking care of the family once they get married. This includes looking after the children and doing all of the housework, which is fairly labor-intensive.
Q2) In the question below, each passage consists of six sentences. The first and the sixth sentence are given in the beginning. The middle four sentences in each have been jumbled up. These are labeled A, B, C and D. You are required to find out the proper sequence of the four sentences from the given alternatives (a), (b), (c) and (d).
- In 1945, America faced two powerful enemies in the world war.
- This was the weapon that ended the Second World War.
- America found conventional weapons insufficient to crush them.
- These were Germany and Japan who posed strong opposition to America.
- The result of this was the production of the atom bomb.
- The government ordered the scientists to conduct research and produce a new deadly weapon.
The proper sequence should be-
Q3) Rearrange the following four sentences (A), (B), (C) and (D) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph then mark the correct sequence as your answer.
- He was so busy with them that he did not get time to eat.
- Thousands of people came to him and asked different types of questions.
- No one cared to see that he had his food or rest that night.
- Swami Vivekananda once stayed in a small village.
The proper sequence should be-
Q4) Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph then answer the question given below.
- All of a sudden the mother duck saw a fox in the distance and was frightened and shouted “children, hurry to the lake, there’s a fox!”
- The mother duck ran leading the fox away from the lake and as soon as the fox came very close the mother duck quickly spread her wings and rose up in the air
- The ducklings hurried towards the lake and the mother duck began to walk back and forth dragging one wing on the ground
- A mother duck and her little ducklings were on their way to the lake one
- The fox stared in disbelief at the mother duck and her ducklings as he could not reach the ducklings because they were in the middle of the lake by now
- When the fox saw-her he became happy as he thought that the mother duck was hurt and couldn’t fly and that he could easily catch and eat her!
Which of the following should be the first sentence after rearrangement?
In order to solve questions on parajumbles easily in the competitive exams, it is essential to understand the theme of the paragraph. This will improve accuracy and the room for error will also be minimized. In other words, mastery on this topic can be achieved by practicing sample questions.