• Question

      In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by four conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

      Statement :

      No cup is a medal.

      All medals are trophies.

      No trophy is a shield.

      Some shield are prizes.

      Conclusion:

      Some medals are shields.

      Some medals are not shields.

      Some trophies being cups is a possibility.

      All trophies may be prizes.

      A Only I and III follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      B Only II, III and IV follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      C Only I, II and III follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      D Only I, II and IV follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      E None of these Correct Answer Incorrect Answer

      Solution

      All medals are trophies(A) + No trophy is a shield(E)`=>` No medal is a shield`=>` I.I.`=>` No shield is a medal`=>` conversion`=>` Some medals are not shields(O). Hence, conclusion I will not follow but conclusion II will follow. No cup is a medal(E) + All medals are trophies(A)`=>` Some trophies are not cups(O*)`=>` Probable conclusion`=>` Some trophies being cups is a possibility(I). Hence, conclusion III will follow. No trophy is a shield(E) + Some shield are prizes(I)`=>` Some prizes are not trophies(O*)`=>` Probable conclusion`=>` All trophies may be prizes. Hence, conclusion IV will follow.

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