In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.


No cup is a medal.

All medals are trophies.

No trophy is a shield.


I. Some medals are not shields.

II. Some trophies are cups.

III. All trophies may be medals.

A Only I and III follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
B Only II and III follows Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
C Only III follow Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
D None follows Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
E None of these Correct Answer Incorrect Answer


All medals are trophies(A) + No trophy is a shield(E) → No medal is a shield → I.I. → No shield is a medal → conversion → Some medals are not shields(O). Hence, conclusion I will follow. No cup is a medal(E) + All medals are trophies(A) → Some trophies are not cups(O*). Hence, conclusion II will not follow. All medals are trophies (I) → Probable conclusion → All trophies may be medals (A). Hence, conclusion III will follow.

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