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    • Question

      In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

      Statements: All medicine are tablets.

      All pills are tablets.

      All tablets are tonics.

      Conclusions: I. All medicine are tonics.

      II. At least some tonics are pills.

      III. All tablets may be pills.

      A Only II follows. Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      B Only I and III follows. Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      C All follows. Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
      D None follows. Correct Answer Incorrect Answer

      Solution

      All medicine are tablets (A) + All tablets are tonics (A) ⇒ All medicine are tonics. Hence, conclusion I follows. All pills are tablets (A) + All tablets are tonics (A) ⇒ All pills are tonics (A) ⇒ conversion ⇒ Some tonics are pills. (I). Hence, conclusion II follows. All pills are tablets(A) ⇒ Probable conclusion ⇒ All tablets may be pills. Hence, conclusion III follows.

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