Main source of Naphthalene

A Charcoal Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
B Camphor Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
C Coal tar Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
D Diesel Correct Answer Incorrect Answer


Most naphthalene is derived from coal tar. Typical coal tar is about 10% naphthalene by weight. Naphthalene in crystallized from coal tar fraction with boiling point 210-220°C than it is washed with sulphuric acid solution to remove theophany, with diluted alkali to remove phenol and, finally, is distilled. Also naphthalene is produced from heavy petroleum fractions during petroleum refining, but today petroleum-derived naphthalene represents only a minor component of production . Coal tar is brown or black liquid of extremely high viscosity. In the coal gas era, there were many companies in Britain whose business was distil coal tar to separate the higher-value fractions, such as naphtha, creosote and pitch. 

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