Behavioural theories of leadership focused on
Behavioural theories of leadership focused on actual behaviour and actions of leaders instead of their personal qualities or traits. Behavioural theories emphasis what the leaders do and how they behave to become effective leaders. Behavioural theories are based on the assumption that leaders can be made i.e. leadership can be learned unlike the trait theory that assumes that leaders are born. Examples of behavioural theories are: · Blake and Mouton Managerial grid, · the Ohio State Studies (sought to identify independent dimensions of leader behaviour on two parameters, initiating structure and consideration) and · University of Michigan Studies (sought to identify the behavioural characteristics of leaders related to performance effectiveness using employee oriented or production oriented behaviour).