Which of the following are the benefits of a centralised risk management structure?

A.    it is independent from operations and business unit of the bank

B.    takes care of all risk taking activities of a bank

C.   each department deals with its own risk management process

D.   bank takes a wide perspective and top management takes responsibilities

A A, B and C Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
B A, B and D Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
C B, C and D Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
D A, C and D Correct Answer Incorrect Answer
E All the above Correct Answer Incorrect Answer


Risk management  is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to a bank’s capital and earnings. A centralized risk management structure follows a single risk management process across the bank, irrespective of the departments. A bank-wide approach to managing risk is followed.   A major issue in establishing an appropriate risk management organisation structure is choosing between a centralised and decentralised structure. The global trend is towards centralising risk management with integrated treasury management function to benefit from information on aggregate exposure, natural netting of exposures, economies of scale and easier reporting to top management. The primary responsibility of understanding the risks run by the bank and ensuring that the risks are appropriately managed should clearly be vested with the Board of Directors. The Board should set risk limits by assessing the bank’s risk and risk bearing capacity. At organisational level, overall risk management should be assigned to an independent Risk Management Committee or Executive Committee of the top Executives that reports directly to the Board of Directors.

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