SBI PO, SBI Clerk, NABARD Grade A, NABARD Grade B, and many more exams are approaching. There is cut-throat competition for these exams and therefore the level of these exams has become difficult year over years. All you need to do is strategize your preparation in a smart way to be ahead of this cut-throat competition. Being preparing for these exams, you very well know that one of the most scoring topics in any competitive exam is “Input-Output”. This topic is considered one of the toughest and it usually takes more time to solve. Able to solve these questions in less time will significantly boost your confidence and helps you score better in reasoning section.

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**Let us look at a few New pattern Number based Input-Output questions:**

**Directions (Q1-5): Study the given information and answer the questions:**

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: 55 79 22 36 57 39 74 68

Step I: 55 97 22 63 75 93 47 86

Step II: 97 93 86 75 63 55 47 22

Step III: 7 3 5 3 9 1 2 4

Step IV: 1 2 3 3 4 5 7 9

Step IV is the last step of the rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

**Q1. What is the sum of digits of the numbers 2nd from right end and 2nd from the left end in step IV?**

1) 6

2) 9

3) 4

4) 8

5) None of these

Ans: 2

Required sum = 3 + 6 =9

In the given Input-Output question the logic is— For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are interchanged their position within the number For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in descending order from the left end. For Step III- Sum of the digits within the number and make a single digit number. For step IV- All the numbers obtained in step III are arranged in ascending order from the left end.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

Step I: 78 27 13 06 94 55 41 39

Step II: 94 78 55 41 39 27 13 06

Step III: 4 6 1 5 3 9 4

Step IV: 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 9

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**Q2. Which of the following is the 2nd last step of the Input?**

1) 4 6 1 5 3 9 4

2) 4 5 3 3 6 6 4

3) 4 5 3 1 6 9 4

4) 4 5 6 9 1 4 3

5) None of these

Ans. 1

In the given Input-Output question the logic is— For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are interchanged their position within the number For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in descending order from the left end. For Step III- Sum of the digits within the number and make a single digit number. For step IV- All the numbers obtained in step III are arranged in ascending order from the left end.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

Step I: 78 27 13 06 94 55 41 39

Step II: 94 78 55 41 39 27 13 06

**Step III: 4 6 1 5 3 9 4 **

Step IV: 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 9

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**Q3. What is the resultant of the multiplication of the number which is 3rd from right end in step II and 2nd from left in step IV?**

1) 36

2) 69

3) 42

4) 81

5) None of these

Ans: 4

Required multiplication = 27*3 = 81

In the given Input-Output question the logic is— For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are interchange their position with in the number For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in descending order from the left end. For Step III- Sum of the digits with in the number and make a single digit number. For step IV- All the numbers obtained in step III are arranged in ascending order from the left end.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

Step I: 78 27 13 06 94 55 41 39

Step II: 94 78 55 41 39 27 13 06

Step III: 4 6 1 5 3 9 4

Step IV: 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 9

**Q4. In Step II, which of the following number would be on 4th position from the left?**

1) 06

2) 94

3) 41

4) 87

5) None of these

Ans: 3

In the given Input-Output question the logic is— For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are interchange their position with in the number For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in descending order from the left end. For Step III- Sum of the digits with in the number and make a single digit number. For step IV- All the numbers obtained in step III are arranged in ascending order from the left end.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

Step I: 78 27 13 06 94 55 41 39

Step II: 94 78 55 **41** 39 27 13 06

Step III: 4 6 1 5 3 9 4

Step IV: 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 9

**Q5. Which of the following element will be 2nd to the left of 4th from the right end in step III?**

1) 6

2) 9

3) 4

4) 8

5) None of these

Ans: 1

In the given Input-Output question the logic is— For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are interchanged their position within the number For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in descending order from the left end. For Step III- Sum of the digits within the number and make a single digit number. For step IV- All the numbers obtained in step III are arranged in ascending order from the left end.

Input: 87 72 31 60 49 55 14 93

Step I: 78 27 13 06 94 55 41 39

Step II: 94 78 55 **41** 39 27 13 06

Step III: 4 **6** 1 5 3 9 4

Step IV: 1 3 4 4 5 6 6 9

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Also, read:

**Important SBI PO Reasoning Questions| Series 1**

**Important SBI PO Reasoning Questions| Series 2**

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